The Rise of China in Sub-Saharan Africa: its Ambiguous Economic Impacts
The paper analyses the economic relationships between China and Sub-Saharan African countries, including original contractual relationships that link exports from Sub-Saharan Africa to China and investment by Chinese firms in Sub-Saharan Africa. Unlike the 'traditional' partners of Sub-Saharan African economies (European countries, USA), these relations inextricably combine trade, aid and investment, which may create 'lock-in' effects. China's trade and investment focus on the commodities that are produced by African countries, which are crucial inputs in China's growth, with the risk of a growing dependence of African economies on the exports of raw materials and the negative effects that are associated with such dependence, especially in oil-exporting countries. Chinese investment, however, increasingly involves other sectors, such as the manufacturing sector. In addition, Chinese investment and aid have positive effects, such as the improvement of infrastructure, the lack of which being one of the key factors of the stagnation of African economies. The rise of China in Sub-Saharan Africa also implies significant additional resources and a welcome increase in the number of 'players'. The article thus shows the ambivalence of the impacts of China, which moreover substantially vary according to countries' export structure and the nature of their political institutions.
|Date of creation:||14 Sep 2011|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Published - Presented, 4ème Congrès du Réseau Asie et Pacifique (CNRS), 2011, Paris, France|
|Note:||View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00636022/en/|
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/|
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Jeffrey A. Frankel, 2010.
"The Natural Resource Curse: A Survey,"
NBER Working Papers
15836, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Barry Eichengreen & Donghyun Park & Kwanho Shin, 2011.
"When Fast Growing Economies Slow Down: International Evidence and Implications for China,"
NBER Working Papers
16919, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Barry Eichengreen & Donghyun Park & Kwanho Shin, 2012. "When Fast-Growing Economies Slow Down: International Evidence and Implications for China," Asian Economic Papers, MIT Press, vol. 11(1), pages 42-87, February.
- William Easterly, 2007. "Was Development Assistance a Mistake?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 97(2), pages 328-332, May.
- Halvor Mehlum & Karl Moene & Ragnar Torvik, 2006.
"Cursed by Resources or Institutions?,"
The World Economy,
Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(8), pages 1117-1131, 08.
- Baffes, John, 2007.
"Oil spills on other commodities,"
Policy Research Working Paper Series
4333, The World Bank.
- Milan Brahmbhatt & Otaviano Canuto, 2010. "Natural Resources and Development Strategy after the Crisis," World Bank Other Operational Studies 11097, The World Bank.
- Arbache, Jorge Saba & Page, John, 2007. "Patterns of long term growth in Sub-Saharan Africa," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4398, The World Bank.
- Raphael Kaplinsky & Mike Morris, 2009. "Chinese FDI in Sub-Saharan Africa: Engaging with Large Dragons," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 21(4), pages 551-569, September.
- Hummels, David, 2001.
"Time as a Trade Barrier,"
GTAP Working Papers
1152, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University.
- John T Cuddington & Daniel Jerrett, 2008. "Super Cycles in Real Metals Prices?," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 55(4), pages 541-565, December.
- Daron Acemoglu, 2002.
"Why Not a Political Coase Theorem? Social Conflict, Commitment and Politics,"
NBER Working Papers
9377, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Acemoglu, Daron, 2003. "Why not a political Coase theorem? Social conflict, commitment, and politics," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(4), pages 620-652, December.
- Montfort Mlachila & Misa Takebe, 2011. "FDI from BRICs to LICs; Emerging Growth Driver?," IMF Working Papers 11/178, International Monetary Fund.
- Bailey Klinger, 2009. "Is South–South Trade A Testing Ground For Structural Transformation?," UNCTAD Blue Series Papers 40, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
- Peter Kragelund, 2009. "Part of the Disease Or Part of the Cure? Chinese Investments in the Zambian Mining and Construction Sectors," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 21(4), pages 644-661, September.
- Kaplinsky, Raphael & Morris, Mike, 2008. "Do the Asian Drivers Undermine Export-oriented Industrialization in SSA," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 254-273, February.
- Deborah Brautigam & Thomas Farole & Tang Xiaoyang, 2010.
"China’s Investment in African Special Economic Zones : Prospects, Challenges, and Opportunities,"
World Bank Other Operational Studies
10202, The World Bank.
- Farole, Thomas & Brautigam, Deborah & Xiaoyang, Tang, 2010. "China’s Investment in African Special Economic Zones: Prospects, Challenges, and Opportunities," World Bank - Economic Premise, The World Bank, issue 5, pages 1-6, March.
- Brahmbhatt, Milan & Canuto, Otaviano, 2010. "Natural Resources and Development Strategy after the Crisis," World Bank - Economic Premise, The World Bank, issue 1, pages 1-7, February.
- Milan Brahmbhatt & Otaviano Canuto, 2010. "Natural Resources and Development Strategy after the Crisis," World Bank Other Operational Studies 10212, The World Bank.
- Paul Cashin & C. John McDermott, 2001.
"The Long-Run Behavior of Commodity Prices; Small Trends and Big Variability,"
IMF Working Papers
01/68, International Monetary Fund.
- Paul Cashin & C. John McCDermott, 2002. "The Long-Run Behavior of Commodity Prices: Small Trends and Big Variability," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 49(2), pages 2.
- Blattman, Christopher & Hwang, Jason & Williamson, Jeffrey G., 2007. "Winners and losers in the commodity lottery: The impact of terms of trade growth and volatility in the Periphery 1870-1939," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(1), pages 156-179, January.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00636022. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (CCSD)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.