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¿A dónde se fue la fortuna? Historia económica y social del Chocó, Colombia

Author

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  • Jilmar Robledo-Caicedo

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)

Abstract

El Chocó es uno de los departamentos con los indicadores socioeconómicos más bajos del país. Este documento describe la historia económica y social de sus habitantes a partir de la época colonial y el contexto institucional que afectó el progreso territorial en los períodos posteriores. Además, evidencia las consecuencias históricas de su modelo económico en el bienestar. De igual manera, describe el avance reciente en indicadores del nivel de vida. Finalmente, plantea una relación entre la pobreza y la maldición de los recursos naturales y explora los mecanismos por los cuales se ejerce una presión contraria al desarrollo. Estos están asociados a la dependencia histórica de la dotación del territorio, la poca diversificación y la falta de competitividad en la economía moderna. **** ABSTRACT: Chocó is among the states with the lowest economic and social indicators in Colombia. This paper describes the economic and social history of its inhabitants. Starting at the colonial period, the analysis allows the comprehension of the productive stages and the institutional scheme that affected the local development trend afterwards. Also, it emphasizes on the historic consequences of its economic model on the individuals’ wellbeing. Likewise, it exposes the recent progress in the standard of living. Last but not least, the study posits a relationship between poverty and the idea of natural resource curse. This is explored through various mechanisms of failure in development. The curse is linked to dependence on natural endowments, little economic diversification and competitiveness in the modern economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Jilmar Robledo-Caicedo, 2019. "¿A dónde se fue la fortuna? Historia económica y social del Chocó, Colombia," Cuadernos de Historia Económica 52, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:cheedt:52
    DOI: 10.32468/chee.52
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.32468/chee.52
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Historia del Chocó; crecimiento económico; maldición de los recursos naturales; bienestar; History of Chocó; economic growth; natural resource curse; wellbeing;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I0 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - General
    • N56 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • Q00 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - General
    • C10 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - General

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