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Estimación indirecta de la tasa de mortalidad infantil en Colombia, 1964-2008

Listed author(s):
  • Karina Acosta


  • Julio Romero P.


En este trabajo se analiza la dinámica de la tasa mortalidad infantil (TMI) en Colombia entre 1964 y 2008, estimando a una serie de tiempo extensa de la TMI desde dos métodos y fuentes diferentes. En el primer caso, se aplicó el método indirecto Brass con las variaciones de Trussell y Coale-Trussell, usando como fuente de información los microdatos censales entre 1973 y 2005. En la segunda aproximación, se empleó el método retrospectivo de Somoza-Rutstein usando las Encuesta de Demografía y Salud de 1986 a 2010. Los resultados permiten establecer una reducción sustancial de la TMI en el período analizado y la existencia de sesgos en trabajos anteriores que investigaron la magnitud de la TMI en Colombia para la década de los noventas. Adicionalmente, se encontró que la TMI se ha caracterizado por un cierre entre la brecha rural-urbana y entre regiones.******ABSTRACT: In this paper, we apply indirect and retrospective methods to analyze the time dynamic of the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) in Colombia from 1964 to 2008 using two different sources of data. First estimates come through the Brass method using census microdata between 1973 and 2005; specifically, we calculate the IMR taking advantage of the Trussell and the Coale-Trussell variants of the classical Brass equation. In our second approach, we estimate the IMR using the Somoza-Rutstein retrospective analysis and Demographic and Health Surveys from 1986 to 2010. Results show a substantial reduction of the infant mortality during the second half of the 20th century as well as a decreasing urban-rural gap. We also provide evidence suggesting a systematic bias of previous research that analyzed the IMR during the 1990s. The decrease of the IMR in Colombia has been reinforced by a declining proportion of deaths due to infectious diseases.

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Length: 41
Date of creation: 19 Feb 2014
Handle: RePEc:col:000102:011546
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  1. Adolfo Meisel Roca, 1999. "¿Porqué perdió la Costa Caribe el siglo XX?," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 07, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  2. Diana Alarcón González & Marcos Robles, 2007. "Los retos para medir la mortalidad infantil con registros civiles incompletos," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 10758, Inter-American Development Bank.
  3. Alberto Palloni, 1979. "A new technique to estimate infant mortality with an application for El Salvador and Colombia," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 16(3), pages 455-473, August.
  4. Somoza, Jorge L., 1980. "Illustrative analysis of infant and child mortality in Colombia; draft for comments," Sede de la CEPAL en Santiago (Estudios e Investigaciones) 32357, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
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