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Cambios recientes en las principales causas de mortalidad en Colombia

Author

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  • Karina Acosta

    ()

  • Julio Romero P.

    ()

Abstract

Este documento estima la reducción de la esperanza de vida al nacer y la pérdida de años de vida productivos, debido a las principales causas de muertes en Colombia. Asimismo, se calculó la probabilidad de muerte por causas y cuando se alcanzan ciertos grupos de edad. Estos ejercicios fueron basados en tablas de vida con múltiples causas de salida y utilizando escenarios hipotéticos de eliminación de causas de muertes. Se encontró que entre 1990 y 2012 se han experimentado notables cambios en el perfil epidemiológico, así como el aumento de la esperanza de vida, esta presenta un rezago de veinte años en comparación con países más desarrollados. En los últimos años, las enfermedades del sistema circulatorio se han convertido en el mayor factor explicativo de la reducción de la esperanza de vida al nacer. En los hombres, cobra importancia los homicidios y otras causas externas, las cuales son el principal factor de riesgo de muerte en las edades más productivas.*****ABSTRACT: In this document we estimate the reduction of the life expectancy at birth and the productive years of potential life lost due to the leading causes of death in Colombia. Likewise, we calculate the probability of death by causes and age groups. We apply two methods, multiple decrement life tables and cause deleted life tables. The results exhibit conspicuous changes in epidemiological pattern. Nevertheless, Colombia lags behind developed countries in life expectancy rate. Over the last few years, circulatory system diseases have become the major factor explaining the reduction of life expectancy at birth. In the case of males, homicides and other external causes are the main risk factors during their most productive years.

Suggested Citation

  • Karina Acosta & Julio Romero P., 2014. "Cambios recientes en las principales causas de mortalidad en Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 012216, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:012216
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Nathan Keyfitz, 1977. "What difference would it make if cancer were eradicated? An examination of the taeuber paradox," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 14(4), pages 411-418, November.
    2. J. Pollard, 1988. "On the decomposition of changes in expectation of life and differentials in life expectancy," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 25(2), pages 265-276, May.
    3. Hiram Beltrán-Sánchez & Samuel Preston & Vladimir Canudas-Romo, 2008. "An integrated approach to cause-of-death analysis: cause-deleted life tables and decompositions of life expectancy," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 19(35), pages 1323-1350, July.
    4. Fajnzylber, Pablo & Lederman, Daniel & Loayza, Norman, 2002. "What causes violent crime?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 46(7), pages 1323-1357, July.
    5. repec:eee:thpobi:v:80:y:2011:i:1:p:38-48 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Eduardo Arriaga, 1984. "Measuring and explaining the change in life expectancies," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 21(1), pages 83-96, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:bdr:bdrcap:2017a-12-x-xxxvii is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Jaime Bonet-Morón & Karelys Guzmán-Finol, 2015. "Un análisis regional de la salud en Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 013416, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    3. Alí M. Arrieta—Arrieta & Álvaro J. Flórez?Tanús & Nelson Alvis Guzmán, 2018. "Impacto de la mortalidad evitable en los patrones de mortalidad de la región Caribe, 1999—2014," Revista de Economía del Caribe 017161, Universidad del Norte.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    demografía formal; proceso de múltiples causas de salida; eliminación de causas por tablas de vida; esperanza de vida; Colombia.;

    JEL classification:

    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • J10 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - General
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts

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