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Estimación indirecta de la tasa de mortalidad infantil en Colombia, 1964-2008

Author

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  • Karina Acosta y Julio Romero

Abstract

En este trabajo se analiza la dinámica de la tasa de mortalidad infantil (TMI) en Colombia entre 1964 y 2008, estimando una serie de tiempo extensa de la TMI desde dos métodos y fuentes diferentes. En el primer caso, se aplicó el método indirecto Brass con las variaciones de Trussell y Coale-Trussell, usando como fuente de información los microdatos censales entre 1973 y 2005. En la segunda aproximación, se empleó el método retrospectivo de Somoza-Rutstein usando las Encuesta de Demografía y Salud de 1986 a 2010. Los resultados permiten establecer una reducción sustancial de la TMI en el período analizado y la existencia de sesgos en trabajos anteriores que investigaron la magnitud de la TMI en Colombia para la década de los noventas. Adicionalmente, se encontró que la TMI se ha caracterizado por un cierre entre la brecha rural-urbana y entre regiones.

Suggested Citation

  • Karina Acosta y Julio Romero, 2014. "Estimación indirecta de la tasa de mortalidad infantil en Colombia, 1964-2008," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 199, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:199
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    File URL: http://repositorio.banrep.gov.co/bitstream/handle/20.500.12134/3077/dtser_199.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Colombia; Tasa de Mortalidad Infantil; estimación indirecta; método Brass-Trussell; método Somoza-Rutstein; microdatos censales; ENDS.;

    JEL classification:

    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth

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