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Public transport reliability and commuter strategy

Listed author(s):
  • Guillaume Monchambert

    (ENS Cachan - École normale supérieure - Cachan)

  • André De Palma

    (Department of Economics, Ecole Polytechnique - Polytechnique - X - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, ENS Cachan - École normale supérieure - Cachan)

We consider the modeling of a bi-modal competitive network involving a public transport mode, which may be unreliable, and an alternative mode. Commuters select a transport mode and their arrival time at the station when they use public transport. The public transport reliability set by the public transport firm at the competitive equilibrium increases with the alternative mode fare, via a demand effect. This is reminiscent of the Mohring effect. The study of the optimal service quality shows that often, public transport reliability and thereby patronage are lower at equilibrium compared to first-best social optimum. The paper provides some public policy insights.

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File URL: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00827972v2/document
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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00827972.

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Date of creation: 2014
Publication status: Published in Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, 2014, 81, pp.14-29. 〈10.1016/j.jue.2014.02.001〉
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00827972
DOI: 10.1016/j.jue.2014.02.001
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00827972v2
Contact details of provider: Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

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