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Capital Buffers in a Quantitative Model of Banking Industry Dynamics

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  • Dean Corbae
  • Pablo D'Erasmo

Abstract

We develop a model of banking industry dynamics to study the quantitative impact of regulatory policies on bank risk taking and market structure. Since our model is matched to U.S. data, we propose a market structure where big banks with market power interact with small, competitive fringe banks as well as non-bank lenders. Banks face idiosyncratic funding shocks in addition to aggregate shocks which affect the fraction of performing loans in their portfolio. A nontrivial bank size distribution arises out of endogenous entry and exit, as well as banks' buffer stock of capital. We show the model predictions are consistent with untargeted business cycle properties, the bank lending channel, and empirical studies of the role of concentration on financial stability. We find that regulatory policies can have an important impact on banking market structure, which, along with selection effects, can generate changes in allocative efficiency and stability.

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  • Dean Corbae & Pablo D'Erasmo, 2021. "Capital Buffers in a Quantitative Model of Banking Industry Dynamics," Working Papers 779, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedmwp:92399
    DOI: 10.21034/wp.779
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    3. Alessandro Villa, 2022. "Credit Misallocation and Macro Dynamics with Oligopolistic Financial Intermediaries," Working Paper Series WP 2022-41, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
    4. Ferrero, Andrea & Harrison, Richard & Nelson, Benjamin, 2018. "House Price Dynamics, Optimal LTV Limits and the Liquidity Trap," CEPR Discussion Papers 13400, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. NAKASHIMA, KIYOTAKA & Ogawa, Toshiaki, 2021. "The Impacts of Strengthening Regulatory Surveillance on Bank Behavior: A Dynamic Analysis from Incomplete to Complete Enforcement of Capital Regulation in Microprudential Policy," MPRA Paper 109147, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Yifei Wang & Toni M. Whited & Yufeng Wu & Kairong Xiao, 2022. "Bank Market Power and Monetary Policy Transmission: Evidence from a Structural Estimation," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 77(4), pages 2093-2141, August.
    7. Altermatt, Lukas & Wang, Zijian, 2021. "Oligopoly Banking, Risky Investment, and Monetary Policy," Economics Discussion Papers 30728, University of Essex, Department of Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Macroprudential policy; Bank size distribution; Industry dynamics with imperfect competition;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms

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