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Asia's financial crisis: lessons and policy responses

Author

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  • Ramon Moreno
  • Gloria Pasadilla
  • Eli Remolona

Abstract

This paper argues that fundamental weaknesses in Asian financial systems that had been masked by rapid growth were at the root of East Asia's 1997 currency and financial crisis. These weaknesses were caused by the lack of incentives for effective risk management created by implicit or explicit government guarantees against failure. The weakness of the financial sector was accentuated by large capital inflows, which were partly encouraged by pegged exchange rates. ; Policy responses need to be designed to restore growth in an environment of macroeconomic stability in the short run, and to prevent the recurrence of crises in the long run. In the short run, the priority is to bring about the resumption of external and internal domestic credit flows, by addressing issues such as trade financing, short-term external debt financing, the recapitalization of the financial sector through foreign investment and fiscal policy. In addition, it is suggested that fiscal policy be assigned to supporting growth and the financial sector, and monetary policy to curbing inflation and stabilizing exchange rate expectations. In the long run, policies should aim to reduce the vulnerability of the financial sector by encouraging adequate risk-management through financial reform, strengthened supervision, and regulation. It is noted that greater exchange rate flexibility and the maintenance of open capital accounts may also create incentives for managing risks effectively.

Suggested Citation

  • Ramon Moreno & Gloria Pasadilla & Eli Remolona, 1998. "Asia's financial crisis: lessons and policy responses," Pacific Basin Working Paper Series 98-02, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedfpb:98-02
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. W N W Azman-Saini & M S Habibullah & Siong Hook Law & A M Dayang-Affizzah, 2007. "Stock Prices, Exchange Rates and Causality in Malaysia: A Note," The IUP Journal of Financial Economics, IUP Publications, vol. 0(1), pages 7-13, March.
    2. Cohen, Benjamin H. & Remolona, Eli M., 2008. "Information flows during the Asian crisis: Evidence from closed-end funds," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(4), pages 636-653, June.
    3. Jean-Pierre Allegret & Marie-Noëlle Calès, 2001. "Attaques spéculatives et crédibilité du régime de change. Quel arbitrage pour le policy-mix ?," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 52(2), pages 249-264.
    4. Kwack, Sung Yeung, 2000. "An empirical analysis of the factors determining the financial crisis in Asia," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(2), pages 195-206.
    5. Joe Brocato & Kenneth Smith, 2012. "Sudden equity price declines and the flight-to-safety phenomenon: additional evidence using daily data," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 36(3), pages 712-727, July.
    6. Reuven Glick, 1998. "Thoughts on the origins of the Asia crisis: impulses and propagation mechanisms," Pacific Basin Working Paper Series 98-07, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
    7. Carlo Castellana, 2012. "Impact of the economic crisis on the Italian public healthcare expenditure," Papers 1205.2863, arXiv.org.
    8. Evrensel, Ayse Y. & Kutan, Ali M., 2007. "IMF-related announcements and stock market returns: Evidence from financial and non-financial sectors in Indonesia, Korea, and Thailand," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 80-104, January.
    9. Bank for International Settlements, 2008. "India’s financial openness and integration with Southeast Asian countries: an analytical perspective," BIS Papers chapters,in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Regional financial integration in Asia: present and future, volume 42, pages 181-201 Bank for International Settlements.
    10. Jian Tong & Chenggang Xu, 2004. "Financial Sector Returns and Creditor Moral Hazard: Evidence from Indonesia, Korea, and Thailand," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 2004-687, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial crises - Asia ; Asia ; East Asia;

    JEL classification:

    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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