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What Caused the Asian Currency and Financial Crisis?

Author

Listed:
  • Giancarlo Corsetti

    (Yale University)

  • Paolo Pesenti

    (Federal Reserve Bank of New York and NBER)

  • Nouriel Roubini

    (New York University, CEPR and NBER)

Abstract

The paper explores the view that the Asian currency and financial crises in 1997 and 1998 reflected structural and policy distortions in the countries of the region, even though market overreaction and herding caused the plunge of exchange rates, asset prices and economic activity to be more severe than was warranted by the initial weak economic conditions. The first part of the paper provides an overview of economic fundamentals in Asia on the eve of the crisis, with emphasis on current account imbalances, quantity and quality of financial ‘overlending’, banking problems, and the composition, maturity and size of capital inflows. The second part of the paper presents a reconstruction of the Asian meltdown — from the antecedents in 1995-96 to the recent developments in the summer of 1998 — in parallel with a survey of the debate on the strategies to recover from the crisis, the role of international intervention, and the costs and benefits of capital controls.

Suggested Citation

  • Giancarlo Corsetti & Paolo Pesenti & Nouriel Roubini, 1998. "What Caused the Asian Currency and Financial Crisis?," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 343, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdi:wptemi:td_343_98
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    financial crisis; asia; currency;

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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