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The Capital Inflows Problem: Concepts and Issues

Author

Listed:
  • Mr. Guillermo Calvo
  • Ms. Carmen Reinhart
  • Mr. Leonardo Leiderman

Abstract

Since 1990 capital has started to move from industrial countries to developing regions like Latin America, the Middle East and parts of Asia. Reentry into international capital markets is a welcome turn of events for most countries. However, capital inflows are often associated with inflationary pressures, a real exchange rate appreciation, a deterioration in the current account, and a boom in bank lending. This paper briefly examines how these inflows have altered the macroeconomic environment in a number of Asian and Latin American countries. The pros and cons of a menu of policy options are discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Mr. Guillermo Calvo & Ms. Carmen Reinhart & Mr. Leonardo Leiderman, 1993. "The Capital Inflows Problem: Concepts and Issues," IMF Policy Discussion Papers 1993/010, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfpdp:1993/010
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Chuhan, Punam & Claessens, Stijn & Mamingi, Nlandu, 1998. "Equity and bond flows to Latin America and Asia: the role of global and country factors," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(2), pages 439-463, April.
    2. Calvo, Guillermo & Vegh, Carlos, 1992. "Currency Substitution in Developing Countries: An Introduction," MPRA Paper 20338, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Mr. Donald J Mathieson & Ms. Liliana Rojas-Suárez, 1992. "Liberalization of the Capital Account: Experiences and Issues," IMF Working Papers 1992/046, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Chuhan, Punam*Claessens,Constantijn A.*Mamingi,, 1993. "Equity and bond flows to Asia and Latin America : the role of global and country factors," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1160, The World Bank.
    5. Kenneth B. Bercuson & Linda M. Koenig, 1993. "The Recent Surge in Capital Inflows to Three ASEAN Countries: Causes and Macroeconomic Impact," Occasional Papers, South East Asian Central Banks (SEACEN) Research and Training Centre, number occ15.
    6. Guillermo A. Calvo, 1991. "The Perils of Sterilization," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 38(4), pages 921-926, December.
    7. Mohamed A. El-Erian, 1992. "Restoration of Access to Voluntary Capital Market Financing: The Recent Latin American Experience," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 39(1), pages 175-194, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    PDP; interest rate; appreciation; group; Asia; decreasing returns; rate of return; exchange rate volatility; hot money; deposit requirements; resource allocation; real exchange rate appreciation; capital account surplus; nominal exchange rate; Capital inflows; Real exchange rates; Capital flows; Capital account; International reserves; Asia and Pacific; Southeast Asia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit

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