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Bank Specific, Business and Institutional Environment Determinants of Banks Nonperforming Loans: Evidence from MENA Countries

Author

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  • Abdelkader Boudriga

    (University of Tunis)

  • Neila Boulila Taktak
  • Sana Jellouli

Abstract

The paper empirically analyzes the determinants of nonperforming loans (NPL) and the potential impact of both business and institutional environment on credit risk exposure of banks in the MENA region. Looking at a sample of 46 banks in 12 countries over the period 2002–2006, we find that, among bank specific factors, foreign participation coming from developed countries, high credit growth and loan loss provisions reduce the NPL level. However, highly capitalized banks experience high level of credit exposure. Credit quality of banks is also positively affected by the relevance of the information published by public and private bureaus. Finally, our findings highlight the importance of institutional environment in enhancing banks credit quality. Specifically, a better control of corruption, a sound regulatory quality, a better enforcement of rule of law, and a free voice and accountability play an important role in reducing NPL in the MENA countries.

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  • Abdelkader Boudriga & Neila Boulila Taktak & Sana Jellouli, 2010. "Bank Specific, Business and Institutional Environment Determinants of Banks Nonperforming Loans: Evidence from MENA Countries," Working Papers 547, Economic Research Forum, revised 09 Jan 2010.
  • Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:547
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    3. Akinola Ezekiel Morakinyo & Mabutho Sibanda, 2016. "The Determinants of Non-Performing Loans in the MINT Economies," Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies, AMH International, vol. 8(5), pages 39-55.
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    6. Sabbah Gueddoudj, 2013. "Fluctuations Economiques et Dynamiques de la Constitution de Provisions Pour Créances Douteuses des Banques Luxembourgeoises," BCL working papers 81, Central Bank of Luxembourg.
    7. Muhammad Umar & Gang Sun, 2016. "Non-performing loans (NPLs), liquidity creation, and moral hazard: Case of Chinese banks," China Finance and Economic Review, Springer, vol. 4(1), pages 1-23, December.
    8. Morakinyo Akinola & Muller Colette & Sibanda Mabutho, 2018. "Non-Performing Loans, Banking System and Macroeconomy," Studia Universitatis Babeș-Bolyai Oeconomica, Sciendo, vol. 63(2), pages 67-86, August.
    9. Vasiliki Makri & Athanasios Tsagkanos & Athanasios Bellas, 2014. "Determinants of Non-Performing Loans: The Case of Eurozone," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 61(2), pages 193-206, March.
    10. Farrukh Shahzad & Zeeshan Fareed & Bushra Zulfiqar & Umme Habiba & Muhammad Ikram, 2019. "Does abnormal lending behavior increase bank riskiness? Evidence from Turkey," Financial Innovation, Springer;Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, vol. 5(1), pages 1-15, December.
    11. Khawla Bourkhis & Mahmoud Sami Nabi, 2011. "Have Islamic Banks Been More Resistant Than Conventional Banks to the 2007-2008 Financial Crisis?," Working Papers 616, Economic Research Forum, revised 08 Jan 2011.
    12. Serpil Kılıç Depren & Mustafa Tevfik Kartal, 2021. "Prediction on the volume of non‐performing loans in Turkey using multivariate adaptive regression splines approach," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 26(4), pages 6395-6405, October.
    13. Guizani, Brahim, 2014. "Capital Requirements, Banking Supervision and Lending Behavior: Evidence from Tunisia," MPRA Paper 54234, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Rashedul Hasan & Muhammad Ashfaq, 2021. "Corruption and its diverse effect on credit risk: global evidence," Future Business Journal, Springer, vol. 7(1), pages 1-13, December.
    15. Teodor Hada & Nicoleta Bărbuță-Mișu & Iulia Cristina Iuga & Dorin Wainberg, 2020. "Macroeconomic Determinants of Nonperforming Loans of Romanian Banks," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(18), pages 1-19, September.
    16. Naseem Ashraf & Qurra Tul Ain Butt, 2017. "Examining the contributing factors of bank profitability in south Asian countries: A case of Pakistani banking sector," International Journal of Finance & Banking Studies, Center for the Strategic Studies in Business and Finance, vol. 6(5), pages 01-12, July.
    17. Shahari Farihana & Md. Saifur Rahman, 2021. "Can profit and loss sharing (PLS) financing instruments reduce the credit risk of Islamic banks?," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 61(3), pages 1397-1414, September.
    18. Aneta Kosztowniak, 2022. "Credit Policy of Commercial Banks in EU and the Asset Quality of Non-Financial Corporate Loan Portfolio in 2009-2021," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(1), pages 563-582.
    19. Syed Faizan Iftikhar, 2015. "Financial Reforms and Financial Fragility: A Panel Data Analysis," IJFS, MDPI, vol. 3(2), pages 1-18, April.
    20. Maryem Naili & Younes Lahrichi, 2022. "The determinants of banks' credit risk: Review of the literature and future research agenda," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(1), pages 334-360, January.
    21. Vasiliki Makri, 2015. "What Triggers Loan Losses? An Empirical Investigation of Greek Financial Sector," SPOUDAI Journal of Economics and Business, SPOUDAI Journal of Economics and Business, University of Piraeus, vol. 65(3-4), pages 119-143, july-Dece.
    22. Svetozar Tanasković & Maja Jandrić, 2015. "Macroeconomic and Institutional Determinants of Non-performing Loans," Journal of Central Banking Theory and Practice, Central bank of Montenegro, vol. 4(1), pages 47-62.
    23. ROMAN Angela & BILAN Irina, 2015. "An Empirical Analysis Of The Macroeconomic Determinants Of Non-Performing Loans In Eu28 Banking Sector," Revista Economica, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Faculty of Economic Sciences, vol. 67(2), pages 108-127.
    24. Ijaz Hussain, 2017. "Corporate Financial Leverage, Asset Utilization and Nonperforming Loans in Pakistan," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 22(1), pages 37-70, Jan-June.
    25. Semia, Rachid, 2019. "The determiants of non-performing loans: Do institutions matter? A comparative analysis of the MENA and CEE countries," MPRA Paper 96428, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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