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Bank lending and loan quality: the case of India

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  • Pallavi Chavan
  • Leonardo Gambacorta

Abstract

This paper analyses how non-performing loans (NPLs) of Indian banks behave through the cycle. We find that a one-percentage point increase in loan growth is associated with an increase in NPLs over total advances (NPL ratio) of 4.3 per cent in the long run with the response being higher during expansionary phases. Furthermore, NPL ratios of banks are found to be sensitive to the interest rate environment and the overall growth of the economy. Notwithstanding differences in management and governance structures, there is a procyclical risk-taking response to credit growth in the case of both public and private banks with private banks being more reactive to changes in interest rate and business cycle conditions.

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  • Pallavi Chavan & Leonardo Gambacorta, 2016. "Bank lending and loan quality: the case of India," BIS Working Papers 595, Bank for International Settlements.
  • Handle: RePEc:bis:biswps:595
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    Cited by:

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    2. Chundakkadan, Radeef & Sasidharan, Subash, 2020. "Central bank's liquidity provision and firms' financial constraints," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 245-255.
    3. Mostak Ahamed, M., 2017. "Asset quality, non-interest income, and bank profitability: Evidence from Indian banks," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 1-14.
    4. Veronica B Bayangos & Jeremy De Jesus, 2020. "Have domestic prudential policies been effective? Insights from bank-level property loan data," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Measuring the effectiveness of macroprudential policies using supervisory bank-level data, volume 110, pages 63-79, Bank for International Settlements.

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    Keywords

    Procylicality; loan quality; bank lending; bank ownership; moral hazard;
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