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The financial crisis and Indian banks: Survival of the fittest?


  • Eichengreen, Barry
  • Gupta, Poonam


The Indian banking system was initially thought to be insulated from the global financial crisis owing to heavy public ownership and cautious management. It was thus a surprise when some banks experienced deposit flight, as depositors shifted their money toward government-owned banks and specifically toward the State Bank of India, the largest public bank. While there was some tendency for depositors to favour healthier banks and banks with more stable funding, the reallocation of deposits toward the State Bank of India cannot be explained by these factors alone. Rather it appears that the implicit government guarantee of the liabilities of the country's largest public bank dominated other considerations.

Suggested Citation

  • Eichengreen, Barry & Gupta, Poonam, 2013. "The financial crisis and Indian banks: Survival of the fittest?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 138-152.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:39:y:2013:i:c:p:138-152
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jimonfin.2013.06.022

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Asli Demirgüç-Kunt & Luis Servén, 2010. "Are All the Sacred Cows Dead? Implications of the Financial Crisis for Macro- and Financial Policies," The World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 25(1), pages 91-124, February.
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    10. Rachita Gulati, 2022. "Does regulatory under‐compliance with governance standards lead to bank instability? An exploration using Indian data," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 61(1), pages 138-180, March.
    11. Gulati, Rachita & Kumar, Sunil, 2016. "Assessing the impact of the global financial crisis on the profit efficiency of Indian banks," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 167-181.
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    15. Saibal Ghosh, 2016. "Billionaire Wealth, Firm Performance and Financial Crisis: An Empirical Analysis for India," South Asian Journal of Macroeconomics and Public Finance, , vol. 5(2), pages 133-156, December.
    16. Pallavi Chavan & Leonardo Gambacorta, 2016. "Bank lending and loan quality: the case of India," BIS Working Papers 595, Bank for International Settlements.
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    18. Ratna Barua & Malabika Roy & Ajitava Raychaudhuri, 2016. "Structure, Conduct and Performance Analysis of Indian Commercial Banks," South Asian Journal of Macroeconomics and Public Finance, , vol. 5(2), pages 157-185, December.
    19. Liu, Tianming & Xiong, Haifang & Li, Yifei & Wang, Zhiqiang, 2023. "The flight to safety during credit recovery: The role of implicit government guarantees," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 79(C).
    20. Ghosh, Saibal, 2017. "Why is it a man’s world, after all? Women on bank boards in India," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 109-121.
    21. Tzeremes, Nickolaos G., 2015. "Efficiency dynamics in Indian banking: A conditional directional distance approach," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 240(3), pages 807-818.
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    More about this item


    Banks; State-owned banks; Financial crisis; India;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages


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