IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/wbk/wbrwps/9318.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Recent Trends in Bank Privatization

Author

Listed:
  • Bertay,Ata Can
  • Calice,Pietro
  • Diaz Kalan,Federico Alfonso
  • Masetti,Oliver

Abstract

This paper revisits trends in bank privatization and analyzes their economic impact over the past 25 years. Building on a novel data set of privatization events for 70 developed and developing countries, it shows that bank privatization became more frequent since the Global Financial Crisis, especially in emerging markets such as China and India, but also smaller in that the fraction of a bank's ownership relinquished during privatization events declined. The majority of privatizations happened via public sales in domestic capital markets. The banks that were chosen to be privatized tended to underperform their peers and had weaker asset quality pre-privatization, but the empirical evidence on banks' post-privatization performance is mixed. The paper finds that privatized banks turn toward more traditional banking models and increase credit extension with no apparent negative distributional implications. However, the analysis does not reveal significant differences in bank profitability post-privatization, although differences exist between developed and developing countries. Notably, banks that have been recapitalized prior to privatization perform significantly better afterward privatization.

Suggested Citation

  • Bertay,Ata Can & Calice,Pietro & Diaz Kalan,Federico Alfonso & Masetti,Oliver, 2020. "Recent Trends in Bank Privatization," Policy Research Working Paper Series 9318, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:9318
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/347911594666821081/pdf/Recent-Trends-in-Bank-Privatization.pdf
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Çağatay Bircan & Saka Orkun, 2018. "Lending Cycles and Real Outcomes: Costs of Political Misalignment," LEQS – LSE 'Europe in Question' Discussion Paper Series 139, European Institute, LSE.
    2. Florian Englmaier & Till Stowasser, 2017. "Electoral Cycles in Savings Bank Lending," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 15(2), pages 296-354.
    3. Boubakri, Narjess & Saffar, Walid, 2019. "State Ownership and Debt Choice: Evidence from Privatization," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 54(3), pages 1313-1346, June.
    4. Boubakri, Narjess & Cosset, Jean-Claude & Fischer, Klaus & Guedhami, Omrane, 2005. "Privatization and bank performance in developing countries," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(8-9), pages 2015-2041, August.
    5. Bertay, Ata Can & Demirgüç-Kunt, Asli & Huizinga, Harry, 2015. "Bank ownership and credit over the business cycle: Is lending by state banks less procyclical?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 326-339.
    6. Clarke, George R.G. & Cull, Robert & Fuchs, Michael, 2009. "Bank Privatization in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case of Uganda Commercial Bank," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 37(9), pages 1506-1521, September.
    7. Mr. Eugenio M Cerutti & Joshua Bosshardt, 2020. "Why Did Public Banks Lend More During the Global Financial Crisis?," IMF Working Papers 2020/084, International Monetary Fund.
    8. repec:hrv:faseco:30747188 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Jean Paul Azam & Bruno Biais & Magueye Dia, 2004. "Privatisation versus Regulation in Developing Economies: The Case of West African Banks," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 13(3), pages 361-394, September.
    10. Megginson, William L., 2005. "The economics of bank privatization," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(8-9), pages 1931-1980, August.
    11. Cull, Robert & Spreng, Connor P., 2011. "Pursuing efficiency while maintaining outreach: Bank privatization in Tanzania," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 94(2), pages 254-261, March.
    12. Beck, Thorsten & Cull, Robert & Jerome, Afeikhena, 2005. "Bank privatization and performance: Empirical evidence from Nigeria," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(8-9), pages 2355-2379, August.
    13. Micco, Alejandro & Panizza, Ugo & Yanez, Monica, 2007. "Bank ownership and performance. Does politics matter?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 219-241, January.
    14. Beck, Thorsten & Crivelli, Juan Miguel & Summerhill, William, 2005. "State bank transformation in Brazil - choices and consequences," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(8-9), pages 2223-2257, August.
    15. Svetlana Andrianova & Panicos Demetriades & Anja Shortland, 2012. "Government Ownership of Banks, Institutions and Economic Growth," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 79(315), pages 449-469, July.
    16. Alexander F. Tieman & Ms. Deniz O Igan & Ms. Aleksandra Zdzienicka & Hala Moussawi & Mr. Giovanni Dell'Ariccia & Mr. Paolo Mauro, 2019. "The Long Shadow of the Global Financial Crisis: Public Interventions in the Financial Sector," IMF Working Papers 2019/164, International Monetary Fund.
    17. Poonam Gupta & Kalpana Kochhar & Sanjaya Panth, 2015. "Bank ownership and the effects of financial liberalization: evidence from India," Indian Growth and Development Review, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 8(1), pages 109-138, April.
    18. Chung-Hua Shen & Iftekhar Hasan & Chih-Yung Lin, 2014. "The Government’s Role in Government-owned Banks," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 45(3), pages 307-340, June.
    19. World Bank, 2012. "Global Financial Development Report 2013 : Rethinking the Role of the State in Finance," World Bank Publications - Books, The World Bank Group, number 11848.
    20. J. David Brown & John S. Earle, 2017. "Finance and Growth at the Firm Level: Evidence from SBA Loans," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 72(3), pages 1039-1080, June.
    21. Florian Englmaier & Till Stowasser, 2017. "Electoral Cycles in Savings Bank Lending," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 15(2), pages 296-354.
    22. Iannotta, Giuliano & Nocera, Giacomo & Sironi, Andrea, 2007. "Ownership structure, risk and performance in the European banking industry," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(7), pages 2127-2149, July.
    23. Kumar, Nitish, 2020. "Political interference and crowding out in bank lending," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 43(C).
    24. Otchere, Isaac, 2005. "Do privatized banks in middle- and low-income countries perform better than rival banks? An intra-industry analysis of bank privatization," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(8-9), pages 2067-2093, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Doug Dyer & Majdi Quttainah & Pengfei Ye, 2015. "Privatization, intermediation and performance: global evidence," Eurasian Economic Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 5(2), pages 207-229, December.
    2. Estrin, Saul & Pelletier, Adeline, 2016. "Privatisation in Developing Countries: What Are the Lessons of Recent Experience?," IZA Discussion Papers 10297, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    3. Ho, Po-Hsin & Lin, Chih-Yung & Tsai, Wei-Che, 2016. "Effect of country governance on bank privatization performance," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 3-18.
    4. Denis Davydov, 2018. "Does State Ownership of Banks Matter?," Journal of Emerging Market Finance, Institute for Financial Management and Research, vol. 17(2), pages 250-285, August.
    5. Cull, Robert & Spreng, Connor P., 2011. "Pursuing efficiency while maintaining outreach: Bank privatization in Tanzania," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 94(2), pages 254-261, March.
    6. Shen, Chung-Hua & Lin, Chih-Yung, 2012. "Why government banks underperform: A political interference view," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 181-202.
    7. World Bank, "undated". "South Asia Economic Focus, Spring 2020," World Bank Publications - Reports 33478, The World Bank Group.
    8. Chen, Hung-Kun & Liao, Yin-Chi & Lin, Chih-Yung & Yen, Ju-Fang, 2018. "The effect of the political connections of government bank CEOs on bank performance during the financial crisis," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 130-143.
    9. Michiel Bijlsma & Andrei Dubovik, 2014. "Banks, Financial Markets and Growth in Developed Countries: a Survey of the empirical literature," CPB Discussion Paper 266, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    10. Mutarindwa, Samuel & Siraj, Ibrahim & Stephan, Andreas, 2021. "Ownership and bank efficiency in Africa: True fixed effects stochastic frontier analysis," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 54(C).
    11. Burki, Abid A. & Ahmad, Shabbir, 2010. "Bank governance changes in Pakistan: Is there a performance effect?," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 62(2), pages 129-146, March.
    12. Miguel Biron & Felipe Córdova & Antonio Lemus, 2019. "Banks' business model and credit supply in Chile: the role of a state-owned bank," BIS Working Papers 800, Bank for International Settlements.
    13. Chen, Yan-Shing & Chen, Yehning & Lin, Chih-Yung & Sharma, Zenu, 2016. "Is there a bright side to government banks? Evidence from the global financial crisis," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 128-143.
    14. Estrin, Saul & Pelletier, Adeline, 2018. "Privatization in developing countries: what are the lessons of recent experience?," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 87348, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    15. Clarke, George R.G. & Cull, Robert & Fuchs, Michael, 2009. "Bank Privatization in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case of Uganda Commercial Bank," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 37(9), pages 1506-1521, September.
    16. Chung-Hua Shen & Chih-Yung Lin, 2011. "De-Privatization? Case Studies of Government Banks’ Performance in Developing Countries During the Financial Crisis," Chapters, in: Daigee Shaw & Bih Jane Liu (ed.), The Impact of the Economic Crisis on East Asia, chapter 3, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    17. Michiel Bijlsma & Andrei Dubovik, 2014. "Banks, Financial Markets and Growth in Developed Countries: a Survey of the empirical literature," CPB Discussion Paper 266.rdf, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    18. Boehmer, Ekkehart & Nash, Robert C. & Netter, Jeffry M., 2005. "Bank privatization in developing and developed countries: Cross-sectional evidence on the impact of economic and political factors," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(8-9), pages 1981-2013, August.
    19. Wang, Li & Menkhoff, Lukas & Schröder, Michael & Xu, Xian, 2019. "Politicians’ promotion incentives and bank risk exposure in China," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 99(C), pages 63-94.
    20. Delatte, Anne-Laure & Matray, Adrien & Pinardon-Touati, Noémie, 2020. "Private Credit under Political Influence: Evidence from France," CEPR Discussion Papers 14409, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:9318. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/dvewbus.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Roula I. Yazigi (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/dvewbus.html .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.