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The performance effects of gender diversity on bank boards

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  • Owen, Ann L.
  • Temesvary, Judit

Abstract

Previous literature has shown mixed results on the role of female participation on bank boards and bank performance: some find that more women on boards enhance financial performance, while others find negative or no effects. Applying Instrumental Variables methods to data on approximately 90 US bank holding companies over the 1999-2015 period, we argue that these inconclusive results are due to the fact that there is a non-linear, U-shaped relationship between gender diversity on boards and various measures of bank performance: female participation has a positive effect once a threshold level of gender diversity is achieved. Furthermore, this positive effect is only observed in better capitalized banks. Our results suggest that continuing the voluntary expansion of gender diversity on bank boards will be value-enhancing, provided that they are well capitalized.

Suggested Citation

  • Owen, Ann L. & Temesvary, Judit, 2017. "The performance effects of gender diversity on bank boards," MPRA Paper 80078, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:80078
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    Cited by:

    1. Owen, Ann L. & Temesvary, Judit, 2019. "CEO compensation, pay inequality, and the gender diversity of bank board of directors," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 276-279.
    2. Balachandran, Balasingham & Williams, Barry, 2018. "Effective governance, financial markets, financial institutions & crises," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 1-15.
    3. Mavrakana, Christina & Psillaki, Maria, 2019. "Do board structure and compensation matter for bank stability and bank performance? Evidence from European banks," MPRA Paper 95776, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Giuliana Birindelli & Stefano Dell’Atti & Antonia Patrizia Iannuzzi & Marco Savioli, 2018. "Composition and Activity of the Board of Directors: Impact on ESG Performance in the Banking System," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(12), pages 1-1, December.
    5. Liu, Yonghong & Lei, Lijun & Buttner, E. Holly, 2020. "Establishing the boundary conditions for female board directors’ influence on firm performance through CSR," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 121(C), pages 112-120.
    6. Adeabah, David, 2018. "CEO power and board structure of banks: a developing country’s perspective," EconStor Preprints 191529, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    7. Caterina Di Tommaso & John Thornton, 2020. "Do ESG scores effect bank risk taking and value? Evidence from European banks," Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 27(5), pages 2286-2298, September.
    8. Young Zik Shin & Jeung-Yoon Chang & Kyeongmin Jeon & Hyunpyo Kim, 2020. "Female directors on the board and investment efficiency: evidence from Korea," Asian Business & Management, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 19(4), pages 438-479, September.
    9. Tunyi, Abongeh A. & Ntim, Collins G. & Danbolt, Jo, 2019. "Decoupling management inefficiency: Myopia, hyperopia and takeover likelihood," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 1-20.
    10. Fan, Yaoyao & Jiang, Yuxiang & Zhang, Xuezhi & Zhou, Yue, 2019. "Women on boards and bank earnings management: From zero to hero," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 1-1.
    11. Judit Temesvary, 2018. "The Role Of Regulatory Arbitrage In U.S. Banks' International Flows: Bank‐Level Evidence," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 56(4), pages 2077-2098, October.
    12. Giuliana Birindelli & Antonia Patrizia Iannuzzi & Marco Savioli, 2019. "The impact of women leaders on environmental performance: Evidence on gender diversity in banks," Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 26(6), pages 1485-1499, November.
    13. Fang, Jianchun & Gozgor, Giray & Lau, Chi-Keung Marco & Wu, Wanshan & Yan, Cheng, 2020. "Listed zombie firms and top executive gender: Evidence from an emerging market," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).
    14. Muhammad Atif & Md. Samsul Alam & Mohammed Hossain, 2020. "Firm sustainable investment: Are female directors greener?," Business Strategy and the Environment, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(8), pages 3449-3469, December.
    15. Adeabah, David & Gyeke-Dako, Agyapomaa & Andoh, Charles, 2018. "Board gender diversity, corporate governance and bank efficiency in Ghana: a two-stage data envelope analysis (DEA) approach," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 299-320.
    16. Clara Gallego-Sosa & Yakira Fernández-Torres & Milagros Gutiérrez-Fernández, 2020. "Does Gender Diversity Affect the Environmental Performance of Banks?," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(23), pages 1-1, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank performance; Gender Diversity; Instrumental Variables Estimation;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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