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Atypical Employment and Prospects of the Youth on the Labor Market in a Crisis Context

Author

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  • Hélène Couprie
  • Xavier Joutard

    (Université de Cergy-Pontoise, THEMA)

Abstract

We compare the entrance trajectories of two cohorts of young people into the labor market seven years after leaving the French educational system. We focus our analysis on the employment consequences of atypical employment spells, i.e. part time and temporary work contracts using a Markovian model of labor market transitions with fixed effects. We estimate the stepping-stone effect of atypical employment towards the employment norm of full-time open-ended contract on four gender-education segments of the population. We then disentangle the trend from the Great Recession effect using a dif-in-dif approach. This brings new insights about the redistributive impact of an economic crisis accross gender. Unintended positive effects of the crisis on the trajectory of men transiting through temporary employment spells (external flexibility leverage) is brought to light. Women’s chances to reach the employment norm through transitory spells of part-time work (internal flexibility leverage) appear to be affected negatively by the crisis.

Suggested Citation

  • Hélène Couprie & Xavier Joutard, 2017. "Atypical Employment and Prospects of the Youth on the Labor Market in a Crisis Context," THEMA Working Papers 2017-08, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
  • Handle: RePEc:ema:worpap:2017-08
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

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    2. Maria Giovanna Bosco & Elisa Valeriani, 2018. "The Road to Permanent Work in Italy: “It’s Getting Dark, Too Dark to See”," Italian Economic Journal: A Continuation of Rivista Italiana degli Economisti and Giornale degli Economisti, Springer;Società Italiana degli Economisti (Italian Economic Association), vol. 4(3), pages 385-419, November.
    3. C. Devillers & K. Parra Ramirez, 2017. "French Banks confirm their fourth rank in international banking," Quarterly selection of articles - Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 45, pages 31-44, Spring.
    4. Berson, C. & Malgouyres, C. & Ray, S., 2017. "Marché du travail : institutions et réformes - Synthèse de la cinquième conférence annuelle sur le marché du travail des 1er et 2 décembre 2016 organisée à Aix-en-Provence par l’École d’économie d’Aix," Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 210, pages 71-78.
    5. repec:bfr:quarte:2016:45:05 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Elish Kelly & Alan Barrett, 2017. "Atypical Work and Ireland’s Labour Market Collapse and Recovery," The Economic and Social Review, Economic and Social Studies, vol. 48(4), pages 463-488.
    7. B. Bureau & M. Bürker & T. Libert, 2017. "The financial situation of companies in France in 2015," Quarterly selection of articles - Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 45, pages 53-69, Spring.
    8. W. Arrata & A. Gautier & P. Lopez & I. Rahmouni-Rousseau & M. Girotti & B. Mojon & U. Szczerbowicz & M. Vari & T. Foucault, 2017. "12th Annual Central Bank Workshop on the Microstructure of Financial Markets 29-30 September 2016, Banque de France (Non-technical summary)," Quarterly selection of articles - Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 45, pages 23-30, Spring.
    9. repec:bfr:quarte:2016:45:02 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:bfr:quarte:2016:45:03 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. repec:bfr:quarte:2016:45:06 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. L. Ferrara & G. Gauthier & F. Pappadà, 2017. "Fiscal consolidation episodes in OECD countries: the role of tax compliance and fiscal space," Quarterly selection of articles - Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 45, pages 15-22, Spring.
    13. A. Lalliard, 2017. "An alternative method for capturing tensions in the residential property market," Quarterly selection of articles - Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 45, pages 5-13, Spring.
    14. repec:bfr:quarte:2016:45:04 is not listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    school-to-work transition; crisis; gender; stepping-stone;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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