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Les pratiques d'activité réduite et leurs impacts sur les trajectoires professionnelles : une revue de la littérature

Author

Listed:
  • Nathalie Havet

    (OFCE Sciences Po)

  • Xavier Joutard

    (Université Aix Marseille, LEST-UMR7317 CNRS, OFCE)

  • Alexis Penot

    (Université de Lyon, ENS Lyon, Gate-UMR5824 CNRS)

Abstract

Le dispositif des activités réduites vise à atténuer les effets désincitatifs du système d’allocation chômage en permettant aux demandeurs d’emploi de combiner activité rémunérée et recherche d’emploi tout en cumulant, au moins partiellement, la rémunération de son activité et ses allocations chômage. Notre revue de la littérature théorique et empirique cherche à savoir si ce dispositif, avec des incitations nécessairement limitées à l’exercice d’une activité temporaire ou à temps partiel, peut favoriser une insertion durable sur le marché du travail. Elle montre que les effets théoriques attendus sur les trajectoires professionnelles des demandeurs d’emploi et sur la qualité des emplois potentiellement retrouvés sont ambigus et méritent d’être tranchés empiriquement. Les études empiriques nationales et internationales mettent alors en évidence qu’il est nécessaire de distinguer les effets à court terme des effets à long terme et qu’il existe une forte hétérogénéité des impacts entre demandeurs d’emploi. Néanmoins, en France, l'activité réduite semble globalement un accélérateur de l'accès à l'emploi durable mais avec des effets relativement modestes. En outre, elle ne semble pas améliorer ni dégrader la qualité de l'emploi retrouvé.

Suggested Citation

  • Nathalie Havet & Xavier Joutard & Alexis Penot, 2018. "Les pratiques d'activité réduite et leurs impacts sur les trajectoires professionnelles : une revue de la littérature," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2018-41, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  • Handle: RePEc:fce:doctra:1841
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Unemployment duration; unemployment insurance; segmented labor markets; temporary jobs; job transitions;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J42 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Monopsony; Segmented Labor Markets
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • J65 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings

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