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Liquidity misallocation in an over-the-counter market

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  • Zhang, Shengxing

Abstract

To understand the illiquidity of the over-the-counter market when dealers and traders are in long-term relationships, I develop a framework to study the endogenous liquidity distortions resulting from the profit-maximizing, screening behavior of dealers. The dealer offers the trading mechanism contingent on the aggregate history of his customers summarized by the asset allocation. The equilibrium distortion is type dependent: trade with small surplus breaks down; trade with intermediate surplus may be delayed; trade with large surplus is carried out with a large bid/ask spread but without delay. Because of dealers' limited commitment, the distortions become more severe when the valuation shock is frequent, the valuation dispersion is large or the matching friction to form new relationships is large. Calibrating the model and running a horse race between matching efficiency, trading speed and relationship stability, I found that the liquidity disruption in the market during the recent financial crisis is more consistent with declining matching efficiency of forming trading relationsh

Suggested Citation

  • Zhang, Shengxing, 2018. "Liquidity misallocation in an over-the-counter market," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 86800, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:86800
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Julien Hugonnier & Benjamin Lester & Pierre-Olivier Weill, 2018. "Frictional Intermediation in Over-the-counter Markets," NBER Working Papers 24956, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    screening; liquidity; long-term relationship; over-the-counter markets;

    JEL classification:

    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
    • D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief; Unawareness
    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets

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