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Asset Issuance in Over-the-Counter Markets

Author

Listed:
  • Zachary Bethune

    (University of Virginia)

  • Bruno Sultanum

    (Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond)

  • Nicholas Trachter

    (Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond)

Abstract

We model asset issuance in over-the-counter markets. Investors buy newly issued assets in a primary market and trade existing assets in a secondary market, where trade in both markets is over-the-counter (OTC). We show that the level of asset issuance and its efficiency depend on how investors split the surplus in secondary market trade. If buyers get most of the surplus, then sellers do not have incentives to participate in the primary market in order to intermediate assets and the economy has a low level of assets. On the other hand, if sellers get most of the surplus, buyers have strong incentives to participate in the primary market and the economy has a high level of assets. The decentralized equilibrium is inefficient for any splitting rule. The result follows from a double-sided hold-up problem in which it is impossible for all investors to take into account the full social value of an asset when trading. We propose a tax/subsidy scheme and show how it restores efficiency. We also extend the model in several dimensions and study the robustness of the inefficiency result. Finally, we explore the effects of the inefficiency using numerical examples. We study how bargaining power and trading speed in the secondary market affect the efficiency result, and we notice some interesting implications for policy interventions aimed to restore efficiency to OTC markets. (Copyright: Elsevier)

Suggested Citation

  • Zachary Bethune & Bruno Sultanum & Nicholas Trachter, 2019. "Asset Issuance in Over-the-Counter Markets," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 33, pages 4-29, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:issued:18-175
    DOI: 10.1016/j.red.2019.04.003
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Arseneau, David M. & Rappoport W., David E. & Vardoulakis, Alexandros P., 0. "Private and public liquidity provision in over-the-counter markets," Theoretical Economics, Econometric Society.
    2. Benjamin Lester & Pierre-Olivier Weill & Ariel Zetlin-Jones, 2019. "RED Special Issue on Fragmented Financial Markets: An Introduction," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 33, pages 1-3, July.
    3. Zachary Bethune & Bruno Sultanum & Nicholas Trachter, 2019. "An Information-based Theory of Financial Intermediation," 2019 Meeting Papers 403, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    4. Weill, Pierre-Olivier, 2020. "The search theory of OTC markets," CEPR Discussion Papers 14847, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Zachary Bethune & Bruno Sultanum & Nicholas Trachter, 2018. "Inefficiency in a Simple Model of Production and Bilateral Trade," Economic Quarterly, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, issue 3Q, pages 137-151.
    6. Julian Kozlowski, 2017. "Long-Term Finance and Investment with Frictional Asset Markets," Working Papers 2018-12, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
    7. Lebeau, Lucie, 2020. "Credit frictions and participation in over-the-counter markets," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 189(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Decentralized markets; Bilateral trade; Asset issuance; Liquidity; Hold-up;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D53 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Financial Markets
    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading

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