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Trading Dynamics with Adverse Selection and Search: Market Freeze, Intervention and Recovery

Author

Listed:
  • Jonathan Chiu

    (Bank of Canada)

  • Thorsten Koeppl

    () (Queen's University)

Abstract

We study the trading dynamics in an asset market where the quality of assets is private information of the owner and finding a counterparty takes time. When trading of a financial asset ceases in equilibrium as a response to an adverse shock to asset quality, a large player can resurrect the market by purchasing bad assets which involves financial losses. The equilibrium response to such a policy is intricate as it creates an announcement effect: a mere announcement of intervening at a later point in time can cause markets to function again. This effect leads to a gradual recovery in trading volume, with asset prices converging non-monotonically to their normal values. The optimal policy is to intervene immediately at a minimal scale when markets are deemed important and losses are small. As losses increase and the importance of the market declines, the optimal intervention is delayed and it can be desirable to rely more on the announcement effect by increasing the size of the intervention. Search frictions are important for all these results. They compound adverse selection, making a market more fragile with respect to a classic lemons problem. They dampen the announcement effect and cause the optimal policy to be more aggressive, leading to an earlier intervention at a larger scale.

Suggested Citation

  • Jonathan Chiu & Thorsten Koeppl, 2011. "Trading Dynamics with Adverse Selection and Search: Market Freeze, Intervention and Recovery," Working Papers 1267, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:qed:wpaper:1267
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    File URL: http://qed.econ.queensu.ca/working_papers/papers/qed_wp_1267.pdf
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Han, Han, 2015. "Over-the-Counter Markets, Intermediation, and Monetary Policy," MPRA Paper 68709, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Taneli Mäkinen & Francesco Palazzo, 2017. "The double bind of asymmetric information in over-the-counter markets," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1128, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    3. Mohammad Davoodalhosseini, 2018. "Adverse Selection with Heterogeneously Informed Agents," Staff Working Papers 18-7, Bank of Canada.
    4. Briana Chang, 2012. "Adverse Selection and Liquidity Distortion in Decentralized Markets," 2012 Meeting Papers 403, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    5. Geromichalos, Athanasios & Herrenbrueck, Lucas, 2016. "The Strategic Determination of the Supply of Liquid Assets," MPRA Paper 71454, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Hajime Tomura, 2016. "Investment Horizon and Repo in the Over‐the‐Counter Market," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 48(1), pages 145-164, February.
    7. Florian Madison, 2017. "Frictional asset reallocation under adverse selection," ECON - Working Papers 261, Department of Economics - University of Zurich, revised Jan 2018.
    8. Shengxing Zhang, 2014. "Collateral Risk, Repo Rollover and Shadow Banking," 2014 Meeting Papers 562, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    9. repec:eee:jetheo:v:169:y:2017:i:c:p:365-399 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Vladimir Asriyan & William Fuchs & Brett Green, 2017. "Sentiment, liquidity and asset prices," Economics Working Papers 1583, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
    11. Pedro, Gomis-Porqueras, 2016. "Fiscal Requirements for Price Stability in Economies with Private Provision of Liquidity and Unemployment," MPRA Paper 75113, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Athanasios, Geromichalos & Kuk Mo, Jung, 2016. "Monetary Policy and Efficiency in Over-the-Counter Financial Trade," MPRA Paper 71455, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Athanasios Geromichalos & Lucas Herrenbrueck, 2016. "Monetary Policy, Asset Prices, and Liquidity in Over‐the‐Counter Markets," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 48(1), pages 35-79, February.
    14. Mohammad Davoodalhosseini, 2017. "Constrained Efficiency with Adverse Selection and Directed Search," Staff Working Papers 17-15, Bank of Canada.
    15. Shengxing Zhang, 2012. "Liquidity Misallocation in an Over-The-Counter Market," 2012 Meeting Papers 529, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    16. repec:eee:jetheo:v:174:y:2018:i:c:p:16-56 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Hajime Tomura, 2014. "Investment Horizon and Repo in the Over-the-Counter Market," UTokyo Price Project Working Paper Series 026, University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Economics.
    18. Fuchs, William & Skrzypacz, Andrzej, 2015. "Government interventions in a dynamic market with adverse selection," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 158(PA), pages 371-406.
    19. Athanasios Geromichalos & Jiwon Lee & Seungduck Lee & Keita Oikawa, 2016. "Over-the-counter trade and the value of assets as collateral," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 62(3), pages 443-475, August.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trading Dynamics; Adverse Selection; Search; Intervention in Asset Markets; Announcement Effect;

    JEL classification:

    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets
    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook

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