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Bargaining with Arrival of New Traders

  • Andrzej Skrzypacz

    (Stanford)

  • William Fuchs

    (University of Chicago)

A seller meets a potential buyer who has private information about her valuation of the asset. They bargain dynamically over the transaction price. The bargaining is affected by the possibility of arrival of new traders. Possibility of arrivals determines endogenously outside options of the players. We characterize the unique stationary equilibrium of this game and in particular the dynamics of trade and prices in the limit as the time between offers goes to zero. As a general result we provide conditions for when the Coase conjecture does not hold. The main relevant factor is that the seller's expected payoff conditional on arrival of an event is sensitive to the buyer's value (for example, because if a second buyer arrives the seller runs an auction to allocate the asset). We show that the expected time to trade is a non-monotonic function of the arrival rate. Applying the model to arrival of a second trader (buyer or seller) with common value, we show that when buyer valuations fall, average transaction prices drop and the average time on the market gets longer.

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Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2007 Meeting Papers with number 186.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Handle: RePEc:red:sed007:186
Contact details of provider: Postal: Society for Economic Dynamics Christian Zimmermann Economic Research Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis PO Box 442 St. Louis MO 63166-0442 USA
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Web page: http://www.EconomicDynamics.org/society.htm
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  1. Cho, In-Koo, 1990. "Uncertainty and Delay in Bargaining," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(4), pages 575-95, October.
  2. Evans, Robert, 1989. "Sequential Bargaining with Correlated Values," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 56(4), pages 499-510, October.
  3. Arial Rubinstein & Asher Wolinsky, 1985. "Equilibrium in a Market with Sequential Bargaining," Levine's Working Paper Archive 623, David K. Levine.
  4. Cramton, Peter C, 1984. "Bargaining with Incomplete Information: An Infinite-Horizon Model with Two-Sided Uncertainty," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(4), pages 579-93, October.
  5. Jehiel, Philippe & Moldovanu, Benny, 1995. "Negative Externalities May Cause Delay in Negotiation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 63(6), pages 1321-35, November.
  6. Muhamet Yildiz, 2004. "Waiting to Persuade," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 119(1), pages 223-248, February.
  7. Andrzej Skrzypacz & William Fuchs, 2009. "Bargaining with Deadlines," 2009 Meeting Papers 159, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  8. D. Abreu & F. Gul, 1998. "Bargaining and Reputation," Princeton Economic Theory Papers 00s9, Economics Department, Princeton University.
  9. Ariel Rubinstein, 2010. "Perfect Equilibrium in a Bargaining Model," Levine's Working Paper Archive 661465000000000387, David K. Levine.
  10. Nancy L. Stokey, 1981. "Rational Expectations and Durable Goods Pricing," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 12(1), pages 112-128, Spring.
  11. Daniel R. Vincent, 1988. "Bargaining with Common Values," Discussion Papers 775, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  12. Peter M. DeMarzo & Branko Uro, 2006. "Ownership Dynamics and Asset Pricing with a Large Shareholder," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 114(4), pages 774-815, August.
  13. Chatterjee, Kalyan & Samuelson, Larry, 1987. "Bargaining with Two-Sided Incomplete Information: An Infinite Horizon Model with Alternating Offers," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(2), pages 175-92, April.
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