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Covid-19: A Crisis of the Female Self-Employed

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  • Daniel Graeber
  • Alexander S. Kritikos
  • Johannes Seebauer

Abstract

We investigate how the economic consequences of the pandemic, and of the government-mandated measures to contain its spread, affected the self-employed relative to employed individuals in Germany and, secondly, to what extent the female self-employed were more strongly hit than their male counterparts. For our analysis, we use representative real-time survey data in which respondents were asked about their situation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Our findings indicate that self-employed individuals were much more likely to suffer income losses than employees. Among the self-employed, women were 35% more likely to experience income losses than men, as women are disproportionately working in industries that are more severely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. We conclude that future policy measures intended to mitigate such shocks should account for this variation in economic hardship.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel Graeber & Alexander S. Kritikos & Johannes Seebauer, 2020. "Covid-19: A Crisis of the Female Self-Employed," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 1108, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwsop:diw_sp1108
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Self-employed; COVID-19; income; gender; representative real-time survey data; decomposition methods;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health

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