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The countercyclical capital buffer and the composition of bank lending

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  • Auer, Raphael
  • Ongena, Steven

Abstract

Do macroprudential regulations on residential lending influence commercial lending behavior too? To answer this question, we identify the compositional changes in banks' supply of credit using the variation in their holdings of residential mortgages on which extra capital requirements were uniformly imposed by the countercyclical capital buffer (CCyB) introduced in Switzerland in 2012. We find that the CCyB's introduction led to higher growth in commercial lending although this was unrelated to conditions in regional housing markets. Interest rates and fees charged to the firms concurrently increased. We rationalize these findings in a model featuring both private and firm-specific collateral.

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  • Auer, Raphael & Ongena, Steven, 2019. "The countercyclical capital buffer and the composition of bank lending," CEPR Discussion Papers 13942, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:13942
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    Cited by:

    1. Bichsel, Robert & Lambertini, Luisa & Mukherjee, Abhik & Wunderli, Dan, 2022. "The pass-through of bank capital requirements to corporate lending spreads," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 58(C).
    2. Joshua Aizenman & Menzie D. Chinn & Hiro Ito, 2020. "Financial Spillovers and Macroprudential Policies," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 31(3), pages 529-563, July.
    3. Galina Hale & Tümer Kapan & Camelia Minoiu & Philip Strahan, 2020. "Shock Transmission Through Cross-Border Bank Lending: Credit and Real Effects," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 33(10), pages 4839-4882.
    4. Katharina Bergant & Viral V. Acharya & Matteo Crosignani & Tim Eisert & Fergal McCann, 2020. "The Anatomy of the Transmission of Macroprudential Policies," IMF Working Papers 2020/058, International Monetary Fund.
    5. Mircea Epure & Irina Mihai & Camelia Minoiu & José-Luis Peydró, 2017. "Household Credit, Global Financial Cycle, and Macroprudential Policies: Credit Register Evidence from an Emerging Country," Working Papers 1006, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
    6. Couaillier, Cyril & Lo Duca, Marco & Reghezza, Alessio & Rodriguez d’Acri, Costanza, 2022. "Caution: do not cross! Capital buffers and lending in Covid-19 times," Working Paper Series 2644, European Central Bank.
    7. Budnik, Katarzyna, 2020. "The effect of macroprudential policies on credit developments in Europe 1995-2017," Working Paper Series 2462, European Central Bank.
    8. Sjoerd Van Bekkum & Marc Gabarro & Rustom M. Irani & José-Luis Peydró, 2019. "Take It to the limit? The effects of household leverage caps," Economics Working Papers 1682, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Dec 2019.
    9. Ambrocio, Gene & Jokivuolle, Esa, 2017. "Should bank capital requirements be less risk-sensitive because of credit constraints?," Research Discussion Papers 10/2017, Bank of Finland.
    10. Abuka, Charles & Alinda, Ronnie K. & Minoiu, Camelia & Peydró, José-Luis & Presbitero, Andrea F., 2019. "Monetary policy and bank lending in developing countries: Loan applications, rates, and real effects," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 139(C), pages 185-202.
    11. Fabio Berton & Sauro Mocetti & Andrea F. Presbitero & Matteo Richiardi, 2018. "Banks, Firms, and Jobs," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 31(6), pages 2113-2156.
    12. Ely, Regis A. & Tabak, Benjamin M. & Teixeira, Anderson M., 2021. "The transmission mechanisms of macroprudential policies on bank risk," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 598-630.
    13. Scalco, Paulo R. & Tabak, Benjamin M. & Teixeira, Anderson M., 2021. "Prudential measures and their adverse effects on bank competition: The case of Brazil," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 100(C).
    14. Stijn Claessens & M Ayhan Kose, 2018. "Frontiers of macrofinancial linkages," BIS Papers, Bank for International Settlements, number 95.
    15. Paulo Roberto Scalco & Benjamin M. Tabak & Anderson Mutter Teixeira, 2019. "The Dark Side of Prudential Measures," Working papers - Textos para Discussao do Curso de Ciencias Economicas da UFG 078, Curso de Ciencias Economicas da Universidade Federal de Goias - FACE.
    16. Cappelletti, Giuseppe & Reghezza, Alessio & Rodriguez d’Acri, Costanza & Spaggiari, Martina, 2020. "Compositional effects of O-SII capital buffers and the role of monetary policy," Working Paper Series 2440, European Central Bank.
    17. De Jonghe, Olivier & Dewachter, Hans & Ongena, Steven, 2020. "Bank capital (requirements) and credit supply: Evidence from pillar 2 decisions," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 60(C).
    18. David Chen & Christian Friedrich, 2021. "The Countercyclical Capital Buffer and International Bank Lending: Evidence from Canada," Staff Working Papers 21-61, Bank of Canada.
    19. Stefanie Behncke, 2020. "Effects of macroprudential policies on bank lending and credit risks," Working Papers 2020-06, Swiss National Bank.
    20. Ely, Regis Augusto & Tabak, Benjamin Miranda & Teixeira, Anderson Mutter, 2019. "Heterogeneous effects of the implementation of macroprudential policies on bank risk," MPRA Paper 94546, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    21. Bergant, Katharina & Grigoli, Francesco & Hansen, Niels-Jakob & Sandri, Damiano, 2020. "Dampening Global Financial Shocks: Can Macroprudential Regulation Help (More than Capital Controls)?," CEPR Discussion Papers 14948, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    22. Sónia Félix & Daniel Abreu & Vítor Oliveira & Fátima Silva, 2021. "The impact of a macroprudential borrower based measure on households’ leverage and housing choices," Working Papers w202116, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    23. Abuka, Charles & Alinda, Ronnie & Minoiu, Camelia & Peydr�, Jos� Luis & Presbitero, Andrea, 2017. "Financial Development and Monetary Policy: Loan Applications, Rates, and Real Effects," CEPR Discussion Papers 12171, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    24. Mircea Epure & Irina Mihai & Camelia Minoiu & José-Luis Peydró, 2017. "Global financial cycle, household credit, and macroprudential policies," Economics Working Papers 1590, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Sep 2021.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    bank capital; credit; macroprudential policy; Spillovers; systemic risk;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • E60 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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