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Higher Bank Capital Requirements and Mortgage Pricing: Evidence from the Counter-Cyclical Capital Buffer

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  • Christoph Basten

Abstract

We identify the effects of the Basel III macroprudential tool Counter-Cyclical Capital Buffer on mortgage lending. Using the first dataset on responses from multiple banks to each household, we find no evidence of explicit rationing. But as the CCyB applied only to mortgages, banks with higher mortgage specialization or lower capital cushions raise prices by an extra eight basis points. Bank level data then show that this allows them to slow their mortgage growth and rebuild capital cushions. While market-wide mortgage growth did not slow down significantly, the composition of mortgage suppliers thus moved to previously less exposed banks.

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  • Christoph Basten, 2020. "Higher Bank Capital Requirements and Mortgage Pricing: Evidence from the Counter-Cyclical Capital Buffer," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 24(2), pages 453-495.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:revfin:v:24:y:2020:i:2:p:453-495.
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/rof/rfz009
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    Cited by:

    1. Simone Auer & Maja Ganarin & Pascal Towbin, 2017. "International Banking and Cross-Border Effects of Regulation: Lessons from Switzerland," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 13(2), pages 65-93, March.
    2. Altunbas, Yener & Binici, Mahir & Gambacorta, Leonardo, 2018. "Macroprudential policy and bank risk," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 203-220.
    3. Ana Isabel Sá, 2020. "To change or not to change: the impact of the law on mortgage origination," Working Papers w202019, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    4. Allen, Jason & Grieder, Timothy & Peterson, Brian & Roberts, Tom, 2020. "The impact of macroprudential housing finance tools in canada," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 42(C).
    5. Matteo Benetton, 2017. "Lenders' Competition and Macro-prudential Regulation: A Model of the UK Mortgage Supermarket," 2017 Meeting Papers 1001, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    6. Eckley, Peter & Benetton, Matteo & Latsi, Georgia & Garbarino, Nicola & Kirwin, Liam, 2017. "Specialisation in mortgage risk under Basel II," Bank of England working papers 639, Bank of England.
    7. H. Evren Damar & Miguel Molico, 2016. "On the Nexus of Monetary Policy and Financial Stability: Effectiveness of Macroprudential Tools in Building Resilience and Mitigating Financial Imbalances," Discussion Papers 16-11, Bank of Canada.
    8. Oleksiy Kryvtsov & Miguel Molico & Ben Tomlin, 2015. "On the Nexus of Monetary Policy and Financial Stability: Recent Developments and Research," Discussion Papers 15-7, Bank of Canada.
    9. Ana Isabel Sá, 2020. "To change or not to change: the impact of the law on mortgage origination," Working Papers w202019, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    10. Henry Penikas, 2020. "IRB Asset and Default Correlation: Rationale for the Macroprudential Add-ons to the Risk-Weights," Bank of Russia Working Paper Series wps56, Bank of Russia.
    11. Salim Dehmej & Leonardo Gambacorta, 2019. "Macroprudential Policy in a Monetary Union," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 61(2), pages 195-212, June.
    12. Raphael Auer & Steven Ongena, 2016. "The countercyclical capital buffer and the composition of bank lending," BIS Working Papers 593, Bank for International Settlements.
    13. Kick, Thomas & Pausch, Thilo & Ruprecht, Benedikt, 2015. "The winner's curse: Evidence on the danger of aggressive credit growth in banking," Discussion Papers 32/2015, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    14. Behn, Markus & Schramm, Alexander, 2020. "The impact of G-SIB identification on bank lending: evidence from syndicated loans," Working Paper Series 2479, European Central Bank.
    15. Claudio Raddatz & Rodrigo Vergara, 2016. "Macroprudential Policies: General Analysis and a Look into the Chilean Experience," Economic Policy Papers Central Bank of Chile 59, Central Bank of Chile.
    16. Arito Ono & Hirofumi Uchida & Gregory Udell & Iichiro Uesugi, 2014. "Lending Pro-Cyclicality and Macro-Prudential Policy: Evidence from Japanese LTV Ratios," Working Papers e070, Tokyo Center for Economic Research.
    17. Christoph Basten & Benjamin Guin & Cathérine Tahmee Koch, 2017. "How Do Banks and Households Manage Interest Rate Risk? Evidence from the Swiss Mortgage Market," CESifo Working Paper Series 6649, CESifo.
    18. Basten, Christoph & Koch, Catherine, 2015. "The causal effect of house prices on mortgage demand and mortgage supply: Evidence from Switzerland," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 1-22.
    19. Katsurako Sonoda & Nao Sudo, 2015. "Is macroprudential policy instrument blunt?," Bank of Japan Working Paper Series 15-E-11, Bank of Japan.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank capital requirements; Macroprudential policy; Mortgage pricing;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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