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Changes in the Gender Wage Gap and the Role of Education and Other Job Characteristics: Colombia 1994-2010

Author

Listed:
  • Sara de la Rica

    ()

  • Luz Karime Abadía Alvarado

    ()

Abstract

This paper studies the adjusted gender wage gap in Colombia at different points of the distribution of wages and the effect of sample selection. We compare 1994 with 2010. A glass ceiling pattern is observed after controlling for observed characteristics in both years. In addition, the sample selection is found to underestimate the adjusted gender wage gap. The effects of education, type of contract and type of employment on the gender wage gap across the wage distribution are also analyzed using a Dinardo, Fortin and Lemieux (1996) (DFL) type methodology. Educational change has helped to reduce the gender wage gap, mainly at the top of the wage distribution. By contrast, the reduction in the proportion of workers in the public sector and the reduction of workers with indefinite contracts have contributed to increasing the gender gap. The type of employment affected is mainly at the top of the distribution whereas the type of contract affected is at the bottom.

Suggested Citation

  • Sara de la Rica & Luz Karime Abadía Alvarado, 2011. "Changes in the Gender Wage Gap and the Role of Education and Other Job Characteristics: Colombia 1994-2010," VNIVERSITAS ECONÓMICA 010088, UNIVERSIDAD JAVERIANA - BOGOTÁ.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000416:010088
    as

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    File URL: http://cea.javeriana.edu.co/documents/153049/2786252/Vol.11_8_2011.pdf/19f3de90-7c52-482c-8937-3bb548db3514
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Alejandro Hoyos & Ximena Peña & Hugo R. Ñopo, 2010. "The Persistent Gender Earnings Gap in Colombia, 1994-2006," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 1802, Inter-American Development Bank.
    2. DiNardo, John & Fortin, Nicole M & Lemieux, Thomas, 1996. "Labor Market Institutions and the Distribution of Wages, 1973-1992: A Semiparametric Approach," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 64(5), pages 1001-1044, September.
    3. Arango Luis Eduardo & Andrés Felipe Garcia & Carlos Esteban Posada, 2008. "La metodología de la Encuesta Continua de Hogares y el empalme de las series del mercado laboral urbano de Colombia," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, May.
    4. Alejandro Badel & Ximena Peña, 2010. "Decomposing the Gender Wage Gap with Sample Selection Adjustment: Evidence from Colombia," Revista de Analisis Economico – Economic Analysis Review, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines, vol. 25(2), pages 169-191, Diciembre.
    5. Jaime Tenjo G & Rocío Ribero M. & Luisa Fernanda Bernat D., 2005. "Evolución De Las Diferencias Salariales Por Sexo En Seis Países De América Latina Un Intento De Interpretación," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 002656, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    6. Diego F. Angel-Urdinola & Quentin Wodon, 2006. "The Gender Wage Gap and Poverty in Colombia," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 20(4), pages 721-739, December.
    7. James Albrecht & Anders Bjorklund & Susan Vroman, 2003. "Is There a Glass Ceiling in Sweden?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(1), pages 145-177, January.
    8. Luisa Fernanda Bernat, 2009. "¿Quienes son las mujeres discriminadas?: enfoque distributivo de las diferencias salariales por género," BORRADORES DE ECONOMÍA Y FINANZAS 005242, UNIVERSIDAD ICESI.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gender gap; floor and glass ceiling pattern; semiparametric; quantile regression; sample selection.;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J41 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Labor Contracts

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