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The Effects of Monetary Policy in the Czech Republic: An Empirical Study

  • Magdalena Morgese Borys
  • Roman Horvath

In this paper, we examine the effects of Czech monetary policy on the economy within the VAR, structural VAR, and factor-augmented VAR frameworks. We document a wellfunctioning transmission mechanism similar to the euro area countries, especially in terms of persistence of monetary policy shocks. Subject to various sensitivity tests, we find that a contractionary monetary policy shock has a negative effect on the degree of economic activity and the price level, both with a peak response after one year or so.Regarding prices at the sectoral level, tradables adjust faster than non-tradables, which is in line with microeconomic evidence on price stickiness. There is no price puzzle, as our data come from a single monetary policy regime. There is a rationale in using the realtime output gap instead of current GDP growth, as using the former results in much more precise estimates. The results indicate a rather persistent appreciation of the domestic currency after a monetary tightening, with a gradual depreciation afterwards.

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Paper provided by Czech National Bank, Research Department in its series Working Papers with number 2008/4.

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Date of creation: Oct 2008
Handle: RePEc:cnb:wpaper:2008/4
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