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The Monetary Transmission Mechanism: Evidence from the G-7 Countries

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  • Gerlach, Stefan
  • Smets, Frank

Abstract

In this paper we compare the effects of monetary policy on output and prices in the G-7 countries using a parsimonious macroeconometric model comprising output, prices and a short-term interest rate. We identify monetary policy shocks by assuming that they do not affect real output instantaneously (within the quarter) or in the long run, and implement these restrictions using a sequential instrumental variables technique. We show that the so-called price-puzzle, which has been noticed in the large VAR-literature in which only short-run restrictions are used, disappears. This suggests that the puzzle is due to the fact that the use of only short-run identifying restrictions does not properly discriminate between contractionary aggregate supply shocks and monetary policy shocks. We conclude that the effects of a standardized monetary policy action are very similar across countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Gerlach, Stefan & Smets, Frank, 1995. "The Monetary Transmission Mechanism: Evidence from the G-7 Countries," CEPR Discussion Papers 1219, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:1219
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Monetary Policy; Structural Vector Autoregressions;

    JEL classification:

    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit

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