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Explaining Ethnic, Racial, and Immigrant Differences in Private School Attendance

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  • Fairlie, Robert

Abstract

Using 1990 Census microdata, we explore ethnic, racial and immigrant differences in private school attendance. We find high rates of private school attendance among white natives, white immigrants, and Asian natives. In contrast, we find low private school rates among black and Hispanic natives and immigrants, Asian immigrants, and other natives. Variations in income per capita and especially parental education account for over 70% of the gap in private school attendance rates between white natives and all other groups. We discuss ramifications for racial, language, and socioeconomic segregation in America's schools, and possible effects of school vouchers on segregation.

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  • Fairlie, Robert, 2014. "Explaining Ethnic, Racial, and Immigrant Differences in Private School Attendance," Santa Cruz Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt22q5w7dq, Department of Economics, UC Santa Cruz.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdl:ucscec:qt22q5w7dq
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    Cited by:

    1. Gerdes, Christer, 2010. "Does Immigration Induce ‘Native Flight’ from Public Schools? Evidence from a large scale voucher program," SULCIS Working Papers 2010:1, Stockholm University, Linnaeus Center for Integration Studies - SULCIS.
    2. Murray, Thomas J., 2016. "Public or private? The influence of immigration on native schooling choices in the United States," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 268-283.
    3. Crystal Zhan, 2018. "School Choice Programs And Location Choices Of Private Schools," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 56(3), pages 1622-1645, July.
    4. Robert Fairlie, 2002. "Private schools and “Latino flight” from black schoolchildren," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 39(4), pages 655-674, November.
    5. Beatrice Schindler Rangvid, 2007. "Living and Learning Separately? Ethnic Segregation of School Children in Copenhagen," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 44(7), pages 1329-1354, June.
    6. Tharmmapornphilas, Rubkwan, 2013. "Impact of household factors on youth's school decisions in Thailand," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 258-272.
    7. Danny Cohen-Zada & William Sander, 2006. "Private School Choice: The Effects Of Religion And Religiosity," Working Papers 0601, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Department of Economics.
    8. Christer Gerdes, 2013. "Does immigration induce “native flight” from public schools?," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 50(2), pages 645-666, April.
    9. Leonid V. Azarnert, 2014. "Integrated public education, fertility and human capital," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(2), pages 166-180, April.
    10. Mehtabul Azam, 2017. "Explaining Caste Differences in Private School Attendance," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(4), pages 1191-1204, November.
    11. Horrace, William C. & Oaxaca, Ronald L., 2006. "Results on the bias and inconsistency of ordinary least squares for the linear probability model," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 90(3), pages 321-327, March.
    12. Constant, Amelie F. & Gataullina, Liliya & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2009. "Ethnosizing immigrants," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 69(3), pages 274-287, March.
    13. Leonid V. Azarnert, 2008. "Involuntary Integration in Public Education, Fertility and Human Capital," Working Papers 2008-07, Bar-Ilan University, Department of Economics.
    14. Dylan Conger, 2015. "Foreign-born Peers and Academic Performance," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 52(2), pages 569-592, April.
    15. Stonawski, Marcin Jan & Rogne, Adrian F. & Bang, Henrik & Christensen, Henning & Lyngstad, Torkild Hovde, 2019. "Ethnic Segregation and Native Out-Migration in Copenhagen," SocArXiv tx7b6, Center for Open Science.
    16. Neymotin, Florence, 2009. "Immigration and its effect on the college-going outcomes of natives," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(5), pages 538-550, October.
    17. William G. Howell, 2004. "Dynamic selection effects in means-tested, urban school voucher programs," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 23(2), pages 225-250.

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    Keywords

    Education; Social and Behavioral Sciences; education; private school; race; minorities; immigration; inequality;
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