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Transmission des chocs de prix internationaux : le cas du riz au Burkina Faso

Author

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  • Félix BADOLO

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Abstract

La hausse des prix des produits agricoles sur les marchés internationaux durant la période 2006-2008 a entraîné une flambée des prix intérieurs dans certains pays en développement, mais pas dans d’autres. La littérature empirique sur la transmission des chocs des prix internationaux dans les pays en développement reste très mitigée. L’objectif de ce papier est d’évaluer la relation entre le prix du riz importé sur les marchés au Burkina Faso et le prix international, à partir de tests de cointégration linéaire et non linéaire. L’analyse se base sur des séries mensuelles de prix pour deux marchés du Burkina Faso : le marché de Sankaryaré à Ouagadougou et le marché de Dori au nord du pays. Les résultats montrent que les prix du riz importé sur ces deux marchés sont intégrés au prix international. L’élasticité de transmission de long terme apparaît importante. Le modèle TAR révèle une transmission asymétrique dont l’ampleur diffère en fonction de la nature des chocs. Les hausses du prix international se transmettent plus rapidement aux prix intérieurs que les baisses. Ces résultats s’expliquent par le pouvoir de marché des intermédiaires commerciaux, les coûts de transport et les mécanismes d’intervention du gouvernement.

Suggested Citation

  • Félix BADOLO, 2011. "Transmission des chocs de prix internationaux : le cas du riz au Burkina Faso," Working Papers 201129, CERDI.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdi:wpaper:1285
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    File URL: http://publi.cerdi.org/ed/2011/2011.29.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jochen Meyer & Stephan von Cramon-Taubadel, 2004. "La robustesse des tests de transmission asymétrique des prix en présence de changements structurels," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 283(1), pages 10-26.
    2. Claudio Araujo & Catherine Araujo Bonjean & Jean-Louis Combes & Pascale Combes Motel, 2005. "Devaluation and Cattle Market Integration in Burkina Faso," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 14(3), pages 359-384, September.
    3. Jochen Meyer & Stephan Cramon-Taubadel, 2004. "Asymmetric Price Transmission: A Survey," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(3), pages 581-611.
    4. Bob Baulch, 1997. "Transfer Costs, Spatial Arbitrage, and Testing for Food Market Integration," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 79(2), pages 477-487.
    5. Krivonos, Ekaterina, 2004. "The impact of coffee market reforms on producer prices and price transmission," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3358, The World Bank.
    6. Anonymous, 2002. "MINNESOTA APPLIED ECONOMIST 707, Fall 2002," Minnesota Applied Economist/Minnesota Agricultural Economist 13217, University of Minnesota, Department of Applied Economics.
    7. John Baffes & Bruce Gardner, 2003. "The transmission of world commodity prices to domestic markets under policy reforms in developing countries," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(3), pages 159-180.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Marchés des produits de base; Modèles autorégressifs à seuil; Transmission asymétrique;

    JEL classification:

    • D40 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - General
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness

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