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Fiscal Policy and the Monetary Transmission Mechanism


  • Nicolas Caramp

    (Department of Economics, University of California Davis)


I study the role of fiscal policy in the monetary transmission mechanism. I present a novel decomposition of the equilibrium that links the wealth effect, i.e. the revaluation of households’ financial and human wealth, to the fiscal response to monetary policy. When monetary policy has fiscal consequences, monetary variables affect the timing of aggregate output, while fiscal variables determine its present value and the wealth effect. The general equilibrium dynamics of inflation can significantly amplify the impact of the wealth effect on initial output and inflation, even in a representative agent model. The analysis identifies the slope of the Phillips curve as a crucial determinant of the importance of fiscal policy and monetary-fiscal coordination for the effectiveness of monetary policy.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicolas Caramp, 2020. "Fiscal Policy and the Monetary Transmission Mechanism," Working Papers 337, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:cda:wpaper:337

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jiang, Zhengyang & Lustig, Hanno & Van Nieuwerburgh, Stijn & Xiaolan, Mindy Z., 2019. "The Government Risk Premium Puzzle," Research Papers 3831, Stanford University, Graduate School of Business.
    2. Sushant Acharya & Keshav Dogra, 2020. "Understanding HANK: Insights From a PRANK," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 88(3), pages 1113-1158, May.
    3. Tobias Broer & Niels-Jakob Harbo Hansen & Per Krusell & Erik Öberg, 2020. "The New Keynesian Transmission Mechanism: A Heterogeneous-Agent Perspective," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 87(1), pages 77-101.
    4. Barro, Robert J, 1974. "Are Government Bonds Net Wealth?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(6), pages 1095-1117, Nov.-Dec..
    5. Pierpaolo Benigno & Gauti B. Eggertsson & Federica Romei, 2020. "Dynamic Debt Deleveraging and Optimal Monetary Policy," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 12(2), pages 310-350, April.
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    Blog mentions

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    1. Monetary Policy and Wealth Effects
      by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog on 2020-02-18 14:56:48


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    Cited by:

    1. Breitenlechner, Max & Georgiadis, Georgios & Schumann, Ben, 2021. "What goes around comes around: How large are spillbacks from US monetary policy?," Working Paper Series 2613, European Central Bank.

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    More about this item


    Monetary Policy; Fiscal Policy; Multiple equilibria; Fiscal Theory;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy

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