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Dormant Shocks and Fiscal Virtue

Listed author(s):
  • Francesco Bianchi
  • Leonardo Melosi

We develop a theoretical framework to account for the observed instability of the link between inflation and fiscal imbalances across time and countries. Current policy makers behavior influences agents' beliefs about the way debt will be stabilized. The standard policy mix consists of a virtuous fiscal authority that moves taxes in response to debt and a central bank that has full control over inflation. When policy makers deviate from this Virtuous regime, agents conduct Bayesian learning to infer the likely duration of the deviation. As agents observe more and more deviations, they become increasingly pessimistic about a prompt return to the Virtuous regime and inflation starts drifting in response to a fiscal imbalance. Shocks which were dormant under the Virtuous regime now start manifesting themselves. These changes are initially imperceptible, can unfold over decades, and accelerate as agents' beliefs deteriorate. Dormant shocks explain the run-up of US inflation and uncertainty in the 70s. The currently low long term interest rates and inflation expectations might hide the true risk of inflation faced by the US economy.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/674588
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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/674588
Download Restriction: Access to the online full text or PDF requires a subscription.

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Article provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal NBER Macroeconomics Annual.

Volume (Year): 28 (2014)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 1-46

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Handle: RePEc:ucp:macann:doi:10.1086/674588
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/MA/

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