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Would macroprudential regulation have prevented the last crisis?

Author

Listed:
  • Aikman, David

    (Bank of England)

  • Bridges, Jonathan

    (Bank of England)

  • Kashyap, Anil

    (University of Chicargo Booth School of Business)

  • Siergert, Caspar

    (Bank of England)

Abstract

How well equipped are today’s macroprudential regimes to deal with a re-run of the factors that led to the global financial crisis? We argue that a large proportion of the fall in US GDP associated with the crisis can be explained by two factors: the fragility of financial sector — represented by the increase in leverage and reliance on short-term funding at non-bank financial intermediaries — and the build-up in indebtedness in the household sector. We describe and calibrate the policy interventions a macroprudential regulator would wish to make to address these vulnerabilities. And we compare and contrast how well placed two prominent macroprudential regulators — the US Financial Stability Oversight Council and the UK’s Financial Policy Committee — are to implement these policy actions.

Suggested Citation

  • Aikman, David & Bridges, Jonathan & Kashyap, Anil & Siergert, Caspar, 2018. "Would macroprudential regulation have prevented the last crisis?," Bank of England working papers 747, Bank of England.
  • Handle: RePEc:boe:boeewp:0747
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    2. Edward Kane, 2018. "Double Whammy: Implicit Subsidies and the Great Financial Crisis," Working Papers Series 81, Institute for New Economic Thinking.
    3. Jorge E. Galán, 2020. "The benefits are at the tail: uncovering the impact of macroprudential policy on growth-at-risk," Working Papers 2007, Banco de España.
    4. Ignacio Benito Amaro, 2020. "Evaluación Económica de pérdidas por enfermedades en bovinos: métodos de valuación de perdida," Asociación Argentina de Economía Política: Working Papers 4310, Asociación Argentina de Economía Política.
    5. Zhang, Ailian & Pan, Mengmeng & Liu, Bai & Weng, Yin-Che, 2020. "Systemic risk: The coordination of macroprudential and monetary policies in China," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 415-429.
    6. Christos Argyropoulos & Bertrand Candelon & Jean-Baptiste Hasse & Ekaterini Panopoulou, 2020. "Toward a Macroprudential Regulatory Framework for Mutual Funds," GRU Working Paper Series GRU_2020_008, City University of Hong Kong, Department of Economics and Finance, Global Research Unit.
    7. Patrick Kehoe & Pierlauro Lopez & Virgiliu Midrigan & Elena Pastorino, 2020. "On the Importance of Household versus Firm Credit Frictions in the Great Recession," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 37, pages 34-67, August.
    8. Hinterschweiger, Marc & Khairnar, Kunal & Ozden, Tolga & Stratton, Tom, 2021. "Macroprudential policy interactions in a sectoral DSGE model with staggered interest rates," Bank of England working papers 904, Bank of England.
    9. Aikman, David & Bridges, Jonathan & Hacioglu Hoke, Sinem & O’Neill, Cian & Raja, Akash, 2019. "Credit, capital and crises: a GDP-at-Risk approach," Bank of England working papers 824, Bank of England, revised 18 Oct 2019.
    10. Diego Rojas & Carlos A. Vegh & Guillermo Vuletin, 2020. "The Macroeconomic Effects of Macroprudential Policy: Evidence from a Narrative Approach," NBER Working Papers 27687, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Víctor A. Beker, 2020. "How to prevent a new global financial crisis," Asociación Argentina de Economía Política: Working Papers 4309, Asociación Argentina de Economía Política.
    12. Patrick J. Kehoe & Pierlauro Lopez & Virgiliu Midrigan & Elena Pastorino, 2020. "Credit Frictions in the Great Recession," Staff Report 617, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
    13. Federico Bassi & Andrea Boitani, 2021. "Monetary and macroprudential policy: The multiplier effects of cooperation," DISCE - Working Papers del Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza def110, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Dipartimenti e Istituti di Scienze Economiche (DISCE).
    14. Eric Jondeau & Benoit Mojon & Jean-Guillaume Sahuc, 2020. "Bank Funding Cost and Liquidity Supply Regimes," BIS Working Papers 854, Bank for International Settlements.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial crises; macroprudential policy; leverage; short-term wholesale funding; credit crunch; household debt; aggregate demand externality; countercyclical capital buffer; loan to value ratio; loan to income ratio;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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