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Is macroprudential policy instrument blunt?

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  • Katsurako Sonoda
  • Nao Sudo

Abstract

Since the global financial crisis of 2008, macroprudential instruments have attracted an increasing amount of attention as potentially the best tools for stabilizing boom-and-bust cycles. This is because, in contrast to short-term interest rates, macroprudential instruments are regarded as particularly precise tools that act only on the area of concern. In this paper, we conduct an empirical examination to determine if this is the case by studying relevant areas of the Japanese economy from the 1970s to 1990s. We focus on a policy instrument called Quantitative Restriction (QR) implemented by the government. QR explicitly required banks to curb their lending to the real estate industry and related activities, and was used in the wake of the credit boom. We construct shocks to QR using narrative records of the government, and estimate their impact on the macroeconomy. We find that QR affected the aggregate economy as well as the real estate sector and land prices. In order to see why QR was a "blunt" instrument, we conduct a cross-sectional analysis using individual bank data and disaggregated industry group data. We find evidence that shocks to QR affected the aggregate economy by damaging the balance sheets of banks and non-financial firms.

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  • Katsurako Sonoda & Nao Sudo, 2016. "Is macroprudential policy instrument blunt?," BIS Working Papers 536, Bank for International Settlements.
  • Handle: RePEc:bis:biswps:536
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    Cited by:

    1. Soyoung Kim & Aaron Mehrotra, 2018. "Effects of Monetary and Macroprudential Policies—Evidence from Four Inflation Targeting Economies," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 50(5), pages 967-992, August.
    2. Kim, Soyoung & Mehrotra, Aaron, 2017. "Managing price and financial stability objectives in inflation targeting economies in Asia and the Pacific," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 106-116.
    3. Kim, Soyoung & Mehrotra, Aaron, 2017. "Effects of monetary and macro-prudential policies – evidence from inflation targeting economies in the Asia-Pacific region and potential implications for China," BOFIT Discussion Papers 4/2017, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    4. Kim, Jihae & Kim, Soyoung & Mehrotra, Aaron, 2019. "Macroprudential policy in Asia," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Short-term interest rates; macroprudential instrument; boom-and-bust cycle;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E20 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts

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