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Bank of Japan fs Monetary Policy in the 1980s: A View Perceived from Archived and Other Materials


  • Masanao Itoh
  • Ryoji Koike
  • Masato Shizume


This monographic paper summarizes views held by the Bank of Japan (hereafter BOJ or the Bank) in the 1980s regarding economic conditions and monetary policy formulation, perceived from the BOJ archives and other materials from the period. From a historical viewpoint, the authors see the 1980s as a watershed time for the Bank fs policy formulation, because the Bank acquired lessons for monetary policy formulation under a large fluctuation in economic and financial conditions and innovated new approaches for monetary policy formulation and money market management as stated below. First, during the 1980s the BOJ had to largely consider the external imbalance in formulating policy, and attention began to shift towards price stability in the medium or long term by the end of the decade. Second, the large fluctuations in asset prices, money supply, and commercial bank lending were closely monitored during this period, but the Bank fs assessment about their impacts on macroeconomic consequences in the medium to long term was insufficient. A reflection of these lessons appears to evolve into a perspective on the Bank fs monetary policy formulation that financial imbalances should be examined as a risk for achieving price stability in the medium to long term. Third, in light of ongoing financial deregulation during this period, the Bank started to change monetary policy measures from those based on a regulated interest rate framework to those based on market operation with good use of money markets and flexible interest rates.

Suggested Citation

  • Masanao Itoh & Ryoji Koike & Masato Shizume, 2015. "Bank of Japan fs Monetary Policy in the 1980s: A View Perceived from Archived and Other Materials," Monetary and Economic Studies, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan, vol. 33, pages 97-200, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:ime:imemes:v:33:y:2015:p:97-200

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    Cited by:

    1. Kosuke Aoki & Ko Munakata & Nao Sudo, 2019. "Prolonged Low Interest Rates and Banking Stability," IMES Discussion Paper Series 19-E-21, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan.
    2. Masato Shizume, 2017. "A History of the Bank of Japan, 1882-2016," Working Papers 1719, Waseda University, Faculty of Political Science and Economics.
    3. Stefan Angrick & Naoyuki Yoshino, 2020. "From Window Guidance to Interbank Rates: Tracing the Transition of Monetary Policy in Japan and China," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 16(3), pages 279-316, June.
    4. Masahiko Shibamoto & Wataru Takahashi & Takashi Kamihigashi, 2020. "Japan's Monetary Policy: A Literature Review and Empirical Assessment," Discussion Paper Series DP2020-15, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University, revised Jul 2020.
    5. Katsurako Sonoda & Nao Sudo, 2015. "Is macroprudential policy instrument blunt?," Bank of Japan Working Paper Series 15-E-11, Bank of Japan.
    6. Yuto Iwasaki & Nao Sudo, 2017. "Myths and Observations on Unconventional Monetary Policy -- Takeaways from Post-Bubble Japan --," Bank of Japan Working Paper Series 17-E-11, Bank of Japan.
    7. Masanao Itoh & Yasuko Morita & Mari Ohnuki, 2020. "Monetary Policy in the 1990s: Bank of Japan's Views Summarized Based on the Archives and Other Materials," IMES Discussion Paper Series 20-E-06, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan.

    More about this item


    Monetary policy management; Price stability in the medium and long term; Financial imbalance; External imbalance; Financial deregulation;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • N15 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Asia including Middle East


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