IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/bfr/decfin/28.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

How to reach all Basel requirements at the same time?

Author

Listed:
  • M. Birn
  • M. Dietsch
  • D. Durant

Abstract

We use confidential bank-level data from the BCBS’s quantitative impact studies between 2011 and 2014 to document how banks have been adjusting to Basel III solvency and liquidity requirements. We first develop a non-linear optimization model to assess how banks’ balance sheets should have adjusted between 2011 and 2014, absent any external factor other than the new regulations. We find that the increase in capital observed during this period was far larger than that predicted by our model, thus suggesting that banks may have faced pressures from financial markets. In contrast, the observed increase in HQLA was lower than that predicted by the model. We then use the model to assess the adjustments that were still needed, at the end of 2014, for banks to fully comply with Basel III. Based on data at the end of 2014 (and assuming, beyond 2014, a change in deposits similar to the one observed in 2011-2014), we find that the required adjustment in HQLA still necessary to meet all Basel requirements, w as half of the one achieved in 2011-2014, and that the required adjustment in capital would come exclusively from TLAC. Finally, any required increase in capital helps to fulfil liquidity regulation but the reverse is not true.

Suggested Citation

  • M. Birn & M. Dietsch & D. Durant, 2017. "How to reach all Basel requirements at the same time?," Débats économiques et financiers 28, Banque de France.
  • Handle: RePEc:bfr:decfin:28
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://acpr.banque-france.fr/fileadmin/user_upload/acp/publications/Debats_economiques_et_financiers/201707-How-to-reach-all-Basel-requirements-at-the-same-time.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Frederic Boissay & Fabrice Collard, 2016. "Macroeconomics of bank capital and liquidity regulations," BIS Working Papers 596, Bank for International Settlements.
    2. Markus K. Brunnermeier & Lasse Heje Pedersen, 2009. "Market Liquidity and Funding Liquidity," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 22(6), pages 2201-2238, June.
    3. Tümer Kapan & Camelia Minoiu, 2013. "Balance Sheet Strength and Bank Lending During the Global Financial Crisis," IMF Working Papers 13/102, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Paolo Angelini & Laurent Clerc & Vasco Cúrdia & Leonardo Gambacorta & Andrea Gerali & Alberto Locarno & Roberto Motto & Werner Roeger & Skander Van den Heuvel & Jan Vlček, 2015. "Basel III: Long-term Impact on Economic Performance and Fluctuations," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 83(2), pages 217-251, March.
    5. Rudi Dornbusch, 2002. "A Primer on Emerging-Market Crises," NBER Chapters,in: Preventing Currency Crises in Emerging Markets, pages 743-754 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Franklin Allen & Douglas Gale, 2005. "From Cash-in-the-Market Pricing to Financial Fragility," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 3(2-3), pages 535-546, 04/05.
    7. Banerjee, Ryan N. & Mio, Hitoshi, 2018. "The impact of liquidity regulation on banks," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 35(PB), pages 30-44.
    8. Douglas Elliott & Andre O Santos, 2012. "Assessing the Cost of Financial Regulation," IMF Working Papers 12/233, International Monetary Fund.
    9. Viral V. Acharya, 2003. "Is the International Convergence of Capital Adequacy Regulation Desirable?," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 58(6), pages 2745-2782, December.
    10. Thomas F. Cosimano & Dalia S Hakura, 2011. "Bank Behavior in Response to Basel Iii; A Cross-Country Analysis," IMF Working Papers 11/119, International Monetary Fund.
    11. Anil K. Kashyap & Dimitrios P. Tsomocos & Alexandros P. Vardoulakis, 2014. "How does macroprudential regulation change bank credit supply?," NBER Working Papers 20165, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. O. de Bandt & M. Chahad, 2016. "A DGSE Model to Assess the Post-Crisis Regulation of Universal Banks," Working papers 602, Banque de France.
    13. David Miles & Jing Yang & Gilberto Marcheggiano, 2013. "Optimal Bank Capital," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 123(567), pages 1-37, March.
    14. Farag, Marc & Harland , Damian & Nixon, Dan, 2013. "Bank capital and liquidity," Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin, Bank of England, vol. 53(3), pages 201-215.
    15. repec:eee:macchp:v2-2263 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Brad Setser & Nouriel Roubini & Christian Keller & Mark Allen & Christoph B. Rosenberg, 2002. "A Balance Sheet Approach to Financial Crisis," IMF Working Papers 02/210, International Monetary Fund.
    17. Cornett, Marcia Millon & McNutt, Jamie John & Strahan, Philip E. & Tehranian, Hassan, 2011. "Liquidity risk management and credit supply in the financial crisis," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 101(2), pages 297-312, August.
    18. Gianni De Nicolò & Andrea Gamba & Marcella Lucchetta, 2014. "Microprudential Regulation in a Dynamic Model of Banking," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 27(7), pages 2097-2138.
    19. Schmaltz, Christian & Pokutta, Sebastian & Heidorn, Thomas & Andrae, Silvio, 2014. "How to make regulators and shareholders happy under Basel III," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 311-325.
    20. Andrew G. Haldane, 2015. "Multi-Polar Regulation," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 11(3), pages 385-401, June.
    21. Emanuel Kopp & Christian Ragacs & Stefan W. Schmitz, 2010. "The Economic Impact of Measures Aimed at Strengthening Bank Resilience – Estimates for Austria," Financial Stability Report, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 20, pages 86-114.
    22. Douglas W. Diamond & Anil K. Kashyap, 2016. "Liquidity Requirements, Liquidity Choice and Financial Stability," NBER Working Papers 22053, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    23. Samuel G. Hanson & Anil K. Kashyap & Jeremy C. Stein, 2011. "A Macroprudential Approach to Financial Regulation," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 25(1), pages 3-28, Winter.
    24. Patrick Slovik & Boris Cournède, 2011. "Macroeconomic Impact of Basel III," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 844, OECD Publishing.
    25. Michael R King, 2010. "Mapping capital and liquidity requirements to bank lending spreads," BIS Working Papers 324, Bank for International Settlements.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Aurélien Violon & Dominique Durant & Oana Toader, 2017. "The Impact of the Identification of GSIBs on their Business Model," Débats économiques et financiers 33, Banque de France.
    2. J. Hombert & V. Lyonnet, 2017. "Intergenerational Risk Sharing in Life Insurance: Evidence from France," Débats économiques et financiers 30, Banque de France.
    3. DeYoung, Robert & Distinguin, Isabelle & Tarazi, Amine, 2018. "The joint regulation of bank liquidity and bank capital," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 32-46.
    4. O. de Bandt & M. Chahad, 2016. "A DGSE Model to Assess the Post-Crisis Regulation of Universal Banks," Working papers 602, Banque de France.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    banking regulation; Basel III; financing of the real economy; credit supply; solvency ratios; leverage ratio; liquidity ratios.;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bfr:decfin:28. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Michael brassart). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/bdfgvfr.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.