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¿Está Determinado el Nivel de Precios por las Expectativas de Dinero y Producto en Colombia?

  • Martha Misas

    ()

  • Carlos Esteban Posada

    ()

  • Diego Mauricio Vásquez

    ()

La corriente tradicional de investigación conocida como la “teoría cuantitativa del dinero” ha sostenido que la cantidad de éste es el principal factor determinante del nivel de precios. Pero no siempre ha habido un consenso al respecto. Por ejemplo, hay quienes interpretan la ejecución de la estrategia denominada “inflación objetivo” como síntoma de una supuesta irrelevancia de la cantidad de dinero para la determinación del nivel de precios o de su tasa de aumento, la inflación. El objetivo del presente trabajo es someter a prueba la hipótesis cuantitativa para el caso colombiano pero en el siguiente sentido específico: lo que determina el nivel de precios es el juicio de los agentes económicos sobre la magnitud y la evolución de los componentes permanentes del dinero nominal y del producto real, entendidos éstos como los valores actuales esperados de sus trayectorias futuras, y que los factores juzgados como transitorios carecen de importancia para la determinación de dicho nivel. La verificación de tal hipótesis se realiza mediante un procedimiento de optimización no lineal, que considera la aplicación del filtro de Kalman y la estimación por máxima verosimilitud de los parámetros de una representación estado-espacio. Dicha representación se deriva de un modelo macroeconómico de equilibrio general intertemporal con expectativas racionales. Este trabajo se lleva a cabo con datos anuales para el período 1954-2000.

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 191.

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  1. Fabio H. Nieto & Luis Fernando Melo, . "About a Coincidente Index for the State of the Economy," Borradores de Economia 194, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  2. Juan Manuel Julio & Javier Gómez, 1998. "Output Gap Estimation, Estimation Uncertainty And Its Effect On Policy Rules," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 17(34), pages 89-117, December.
  3. Lars E.O. Svensson, 1998. "Inflation Targeting as a Monetary Policy Rule," NBER Working Papers 6790, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Jurgen A. Doornik & Henrik Hansen, 2008. "An Omnibus Test for Univariate and Multivariate Normality," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 70(s1), pages 927-939, December.
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  7. Luis Eduardo Arango, 1999. "Componentes no observados de la inflación en Colombia," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, June.
  8. Svensson, Lars E. O., 2000. "Open-economy inflation targeting," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 155-183, February.
  9. Allan H. Meltzer, 2001. "Money and monetary policy: an essay in honor of Darryl Francis," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Jul, pages 23-32.
  10. John Y. Campbell & Pierre Perron, 1991. "Pitfalls and Opportunities: What Macroeconomists Should Know About Unit Roots," NBER Technical Working Papers 0100, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  12. Fung, Ben & Mitnick, Scott & Remolona, Eli, 1999. "Uncovering Inflation Expectations and Risk Premiums From Internationally Integrated Financial Markets," Staff Working Papers 99-6, Bank of Canada.
  13. S. Illeris & G. Akehurst, 2001. "Introduction," The Service Industries Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(1), pages 1-4, January.
  14. Martha Misas A. & Hugo Oliveros & José Dario Uribe, . "Especificación y Estabilidad de la Demanda por Dinero en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 011, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  15. Karen Cabos & Nikolaus A. Siegfried, 2001. "Controlling Inflation in Euroland," Quantitative Macroeconomics Working Papers 20102, Hamburg University, Department of Economics.
  16. Soderlind, Paul, 1999. "Solution and estimation of RE macromodels with optimal policy," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(4-6), pages 813-823, April.
  17. Fernando Alvarez & Robert E. Lucas & Warren E. Weber, 2001. "Interest Rates and Inflation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(2), pages 219-225, May.
  18. Luis Fernando Melo & Fabio H. Nieto & Carlos Esteban Posada & Yanneth Rocío Betancourt, 2001. "Un Índice Coincidente para la Actividad Económica Colombiana," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003678, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  19. Paul Soderlind, 2004. "What if the Fed had been an inflation nutter?," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(13), pages 1471-1473.
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