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Queueing Theoretic Approaches to Financial Price Fluctuations


  • Erhan Bayraktar
  • Ulrich Horst
  • Ronnie Sircar


One approach to the analysis of stochastic fluctuations in market prices is to model characteristics of investor behaviour and the complex interactions between market participants, with the aim of extracting consequences in the aggregate. This agent-based viewpoint in finance goes back at least to the work of Garman (1976) and shares the philosophy of statistical mechanics in the physical sciences. We discuss recent developments in market microstructure models. They are capable, often through numerical simulations, to explain many stylized facts like the emergence of herding behavior, volatility clustering and fat tailed returns distributions. They are typically queueing-type models, that is, models of order flows, in contrast to classical economic equilibrium theories of utility-maximizing, rational, ``representative'' investors. Mathematically, they are analyzed using tools of functional central limit theorems, strong approximations and weak convergence. Our main examples focus on investor inertia, a trait that is well-documented, among other behavioral qualities, and modelled using semi-Markov switching processes. In particular, we show how inertia may lead to the phenomenon of long-range dependence in stock prices.

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  • Erhan Bayraktar & Ulrich Horst & Ronnie Sircar, 2007. "Queueing Theoretic Approaches to Financial Price Fluctuations," Papers math/0703832,
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:math/0703832

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Xin Liu & Qi Gong & Vidyadhar G. Kulkarni, 2015. "A Stochastic Model of Order Book Dynamics using Bouncing Geometric Brownian Motions," Papers 1511.04096,, revised Mar 2016.
    2. Henkel, Christof, 2017. "From quantum mechanics to finance: Microfoundations for jumps, spikes and high volatility phases in diffusion price processes," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 469(C), pages 447-458.
    3. Yipeng Yang & Allanus Tsoi, 2013. "Prospect Agents and the Feedback Effect on Price Fluctuations," Papers 1308.6759,, revised Jan 2014.
    4. Ulrich Horst & Michael Paulsen, 2015. "A law of large numbers for limit order books," Papers 1501.00843,
    5. Christian Bayer & Ulrich Horst & Jinniao Qiu, 2014. "A Functional Limit Theorem for Limit Order Books with State Dependent Price Dynamics," Papers 1405.5230,, revised Aug 2016.
    6. A. Sadoghi & J. Vecer, 2015. "Optimum Liquidation Problem Associated with the Poisson Cluster Process," Papers 1507.06514,, revised Dec 2015.
    7. Ulrich Horst & Wei Xu, 2017. "A Scaling Limit for Limit Order Books Driven by Hawkes Processes," Papers 1709.01292,

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