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Estimated Costs for Fruit and Vegetable Producers To Comply With the Food Safety Modernization Act’s Produce Rule


  • Bovay, John
  • Ferrier, Peyton
  • Zhen, Chen


Under the Food Safety Modernization Act of 2011, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration started to implement its Produce Rule in phases beginning in 2018. Implementation of the rule will increase costs for farms supplying almost all fresh produce sold in the United States. This study estimates farm-level costs to comply with the rule by commodity, State, and farm size. Across commodities and States, differences in costs are driven by differences in farm size and range from 0.3 percent of annual produce sales for the largest farms to 6.8 percent for the smallest.

Suggested Citation

  • Bovay, John & Ferrier, Peyton & Zhen, Chen, 2018. "Estimated Costs for Fruit and Vegetable Producers To Comply With the Food Safety Modernization Act’s Produce Rule," Economic Information Bulletin 276220, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:uersib:276220
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.276220

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    1. repec:oup:apecpp:v:40:y:2018:i:3:p:402-420. is not listed on IDEAS
    2. John Bovay, 2017. "Demand for collective food-safety standards," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 48(6), pages 793-803, November.
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    4. Garcia Martinez, Marian & Poole, Nigel, 2004. "The development of private fresh produce safety standards: implications for developing Mediterranean exporting countries," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 229-255, June.
    5. Unnevehr, Laurian J., 2000. "Food safety issues and fresh food product exports from LDCs," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 23(3), pages 231-240, September.
    6. Ribera, Luis A. & Knutson, Ronald D., 2011. "The Fda'S Food Safety Modernization Act And Its Economic Implications," Choices: The Magazine of Food, Farm, and Resource Issues, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 26(4), pages 1-6.
    7. Arnade, Carlos Anthony & Calvin, Linda & Kuchler, Fred, 2008. "Market Response to a Food Safety Shock: The 2006 Foodborne Illness Outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 Linked to Spinach," 2008 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2008, Orlando, Florida 6448, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
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