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Market Access For High-Value Foods


  • Regmi, Anita
  • Gehlhar, Mark J.
  • Wainio, John
  • Vollrath, Thomas L.
  • Johnston, Paul V.
  • Kathuria, Nitin


Market access remains a major impediment for expansion of global trade in high-value foods, particularly processed foods. Countries use tariffs and other measures that effectively stimulate imports of relatively unprocessed agricultural commodities at the expense of processed products. Tariff escalation, in which tariffs rise with the level of processing, discourages trade in high-value foods, and trade remedy measures, such as antidumping duties, are concentrated among high-value products. Globalization has provided countries with easier access to capital and technology needed to produce processed food, further affecting trade patterns and markets for high-value foods. A uniform cut in tariffs increases trade in high-value foods more than trade in raw agricultural commodities and improves real wages in developing and developed countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Regmi, Anita & Gehlhar, Mark J. & Wainio, John & Vollrath, Thomas L. & Johnston, Paul V. & Kathuria, Nitin, 2005. "Market Access For High-Value Foods," Agricultural Economic Reports 33999, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:uerser:33999
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.33999

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Dohlman, Erik & Osborne, Stefan & Lohmar, Bryan, 2003. "Dynamics of Agricultural Competitiveness: Policy Lessons From Abroad," Amber Waves:The Economics of Food, Farming, Natural Resources, and Rural America, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, pages 1-8, April.
    2. Timothy E. Josling & Donna Roberts & David Orden, 2004. "Food Regulation and Trade: Toward a Safe and Open Global System," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 347, October.
    3. Gibson, Paul R. & Wainio, John & Whitley, Daniel B. & Bohman, Mary, 2001. "Profiles Of Tariffs In Global Agricultural Markets," Agricultural Economics Reports 34055, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    4. Ferto, Imre, 2008. "Comparative Advantage And Trade Competitiveness In Hungarian Agriculture," Bulletin of the Szent Istvan University 43326, Szent Istvan University, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences.
    5. William A. Masters & Alex Winter-Nelson, 1995. "Measuring the Comparative Advantage of Agricultural Activities: Domestic Resource Costs and the Social Cost-Benefit Ratio," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 77(2), pages 243-250.
    6. Hertel, Thomas, 1997. "Global Trade Analysis: Modeling and applications," GTAP Books, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University, number 7685.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mmatlou, Kalaba & Johann, Kirsten, 2012. "Determinants of trade patterns and comparative advantage of processed agricultural products of SADC," Working Papers 206516, University of Pretoria, Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development.
    2. May, D. & McCorriston, S., 2018. "The role of Centrality in Preventing Free Trade of Processed Agricultural Goods under Imperfect Competition," 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia 277262, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    3. Juthathip Jongwanich & Nedelyn Magtibay-Ramos, 2009. "Determinants of structural change in food exports from developing countries," Asian-Pacific Economic Literature, Asia Pacific School of Economics and Government, The Australian National University, vol. 23(2), pages 94-115, November.
    4. Boysen, Ole & Boysen-Urban, Kirsten & Bradford, Harvey & BaliƩ, Jean, 2019. "Taxing highly processed foods: What could be the impacts on obesity and underweight in sub-Saharan Africa?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 55-67.
    5. Will Martin, 2018. "High-Value Agricultural Exports from Africa," Policy notes & Policy briefs 1803, Policy Center for the New South.
    6. Emiko Fukase & Will Martin, 2016. "Agro-processing and horticultural exports from Africa," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2016-174, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    7. Steinbach, Sandro, 2015. "Bilateral export trade and income similarity: Does the Linder hypothesis hold for agricultural and food trade?," 2015 International European Forum (144th EAAE Seminar), February 9-13, 2015, Innsbruck-Igls, Austria 206217, International European Forum on System Dynamics and Innovation in Food Networks.
    8. Gavrilescu, Camelia, 2014. "Agricultural commodities and processed products ratio in the Romanian international agrifood trade," MPRA Paper 61729, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Jongwanich, Juthathip, 2009. "Impact of Food Safety Standards on Processed Food Exports from Developing Countries," ADB Economics Working Paper Series 154, Asian Development Bank.
    10. Jongwanich, Juthathip, 2009. "The impact of food safety standards on processed food exports from developing countries," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 447-457, October.
    11. Emiko Fukase & Will Martin, 2016. "Agro-processing and horticultural exports from Africa," WIDER Working Paper Series 174, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    12. Jongwanich, Juthathip & Magtibay-Ramos, Nedelyn, 2009. "Determinants of Structural Changes of Food Exports from Developing Countries," ADB Economics Working Paper Series 166, Asian Development Bank.

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