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Comparative Advantage and the Performance of Mexican Manufacturing Exports during 1996-2005

  • Daniel Chiquiar
  • Edna Fragoso
  • Manuel Ramos Francia

In this paper we identify Mexico’s pattern of revealed comparative advantages within manufacturing trade flows during the 1996-2005 period. We define a basket of competing countries, according to the degree of similarity of each country’s comparative advantage pattern with that of Mexico. We show that revealed comparative advantages seem to be positively correlated with the relative performance of Mexico’s manufacturing exports to the U.S. market, as measured by the increase in Mexico’s market share relative to that of its competitors. The analysis suggests that the increasing presence in the markets of countries with similar characteristics as Mexico, in particular from 2001 on, might be causing Mexico to lose comparative advantage in some products in which it had specialized in during the previous years.

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File URL: http://www.banxico.org.mx/publicaciones-y-discursos/publicaciones/documentos-de-investigacion/banxico/%7B23FE4D08-E891-B61F-D71A-E15086A224F1%7D.pdf
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Paper provided by Banco de México in its series Working Papers with number 2007-12.

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Date of creation: Sep 2007
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Handle: RePEc:bdm:wpaper:2007-12
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.banxico.org.mx

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  1. Ballance, Robert H & Forstner, Helmut & Murray, Tracy, 1987. "Consistency Tests of Alternative Measures of Comparative Advantage," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 69(1), pages 157-61, February.
  2. Gordon H. Hanson, 1994. "Localization Economies, Vertical Organization and Trade," NBER Working Papers 4744, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Chiquiar, Daniel & Ramos-Francia, Manuel, 2005. "Trade and business-cycle synchronization: evidence from Mexican and U.S. manufacturing industries," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 187-216, August.
  4. Balassa, Bela, 1979. "The Changing Pattern of Comparative Advantage in Manufactured Goods," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 61(2), pages 259-66, May.
  5. Edward M. Graham & Erika Wada, 2000. "Domestic Reform, Trade and Investment Liberalisation, Financial Crisis, and Foreign Direct Investment into Mexico," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 23(6), pages 777-797, 06.
  6. S.M. Shafaeddin, 2002. "The Impact Of China´S Accession To Wto On The Exports Of Developing Countries," UNCTAD Discussion Papers 160, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
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