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The Doha Agenda and Agricultural Trade Reform: The Role of Economic Analysis

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  • Martin, William J.
  • Anderson, Kym

Abstract

This paper shows that research on international agricultural trade reform can make much greater contributions to understanding than was feasible in earlier trade negotiations. Part of this is due to improvements in the basic data on production, consumption and trade associated with the development of the GTAP database and part due to the greater availability of disaggregated data on applied and bound rates of protection. Unfortunately, the framework in which we operate means that we are reduced to measuring gains that are substantially less than one percent of GDP. New developments in theory and method provide the potential for our quantitative analysis to be improved in at least six areas, including improvements in: the measurement of protection; incorporation of barriers to trade in services; representation of the counterfactual; aggregation of barriers; incorporating the emergence of new products; and reflecting the productivity enhancement associated with trade reform. Urgent action to improve our measures is needed to avoid our measures becoming either irrelevant or counter-productive in the process of policy formulation.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin, William J. & Anderson, Kym, 2006. "The Doha Agenda and Agricultural Trade Reform: The Role of Economic Analysis," 2006 Annual Meeting, August 12-18, 2006, Queensland, Australia 25628, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:iaae06:25628
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Martin, William J. & Anderson, Kym, 2008. "Agricultural trade reform under the Doha Agenda: some key issues," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 52(1), March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    trade negotiations; multilateral; agricultural trade; welfare evaluation; WTO; International Relations/Trade; F13; F11; F12;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation

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