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Agrarian Reform in Uzbekistan: Why Has the Chinese Model Failed to Deliver?

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  • Richard Pomfret

    (School of Economics, University of Adelaide)

Abstract

The paper analyses the nature and effects of agrarian reform in Uzbekistan. Since becoming independent in late 1991, Uzbekistan has followed a gradual reform path, often invoking the Chinese model. Agrarian reform has resembled China's post-1978 household responsibility system, but has failed to deliver the rapid agricultural growth which followed the Chinese reforms.

Suggested Citation

  • Richard Pomfret, 1998. "Agrarian Reform in Uzbekistan: Why Has the Chinese Model Failed to Deliver?," School of Economics and Public Policy Working Papers 1998-16, University of Adelaide, School of Economics and Public Policy.
  • Handle: RePEc:adl:wpaper:1998-16
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. David G. Tarr, 2017. "The Terms-of-Trade Effects of Moving to World Prices on Countries of the Former Soviet Union," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: Trade Policies for Development and Transition, chapter 12, pages 271-294, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
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    5. Richard Pomfret, 1996. "Asian Economies in Transition," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 721.
    6. Tarr, David G., 1993. "How moving to world prices affects the terms of trade in 15 countries of the former Soviet Union," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1074, The World Bank.
    7. Pomfret, Richard, 2000. "Agrarian Reform in Uzbekistan: Why Has the Chinese Model Failed to Deliver?," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 48(2), pages 269-284, January.
    8. Richard Pomfret, 1998. "Poverty in the Kyrgyz Republic," School of Economics and Public Policy Working Papers 1998-05, University of Adelaide, School of Economics and Public Policy.
    9. Jane Falkingham & Jeni Klugman & Sheila Marnie & John Micklewright (ed.), 1997. "Household Welfare in Central Asia," Palgrave Macmillan Books, Palgrave Macmillan, number 978-1-349-25475-0, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Kathryn H. Anderson & Richard Pomfret, 2004. "Spatial Inequality and Development in Central Asia," WIDER Working Paper Series RP2004-36, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    2. Khasanov, Shavkat & Djanibekov, Nodir, 2015. "Improving Cotton Production and Crop Diversification in Uzbekistan: Tradable Cotton Production Targets," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 211841, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    3. Digdowiseiso, Kumba, 2010. "The transition of China and Ussr: A political economy perspective," MPRA Paper 22561, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Richard Auty, 2003. "Natural resources and ‘gradual’ reform in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan," Natural Resources Forum, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 27(4), pages 255-266, November.
    5. Chen, Zhuo & Huffman, Wallace E. & Rozelle, Scott, 2009. "Farm technology and technical efficiency: Evidence from four regions in China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 153-161, June.
    6. World Bank, 2005. "The Dynamics of Vertical Coordination in Agrifood Chains in Eastern Europe and Central Asia : Implications for Policy and World Bank Operations," World Bank Publications - Reports 8806, The World Bank Group.
    7. Pomfret, Richard, 2000. "Agrarian Reform in Uzbekistan: Why Has the Chinese Model Failed to Deliver?," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 48(2), pages 269-284, January.
    8. Alexandra Reppegather & Manuela Troschke, 2006. "Graduelle Transformation von Wirtschaftsordnungen: Ein Vergleich der Reformstrategien Chinas und Usbekistans," Working Papers 260, Leibniz Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and Southeast European Studies).
    9. Martin Spechler, 2003. "Returning to Convertibility in Uzbekistan?," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(1), pages 51-56.
    10. Djanibekov, Nodir & Sommer, Rolf & Djanibekov, Utkur, 2013. "Evaluation of effects of cotton policy changes on land and water use in Uzbekistan: Application of a bio-economic farm model at the level of a water users association," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 1-13.
    11. Bhaduri, Anik & Djanibekov, Nodir, 2015. "Adoption of Water-Efficient Technology: Role of Water Price Flexibility, Tenure Uncerntainty and Production Targets in Uzbekistan," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 211336, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    12. Richard Pomfret, 2000. "State-Directed Diffusion of Technology: The Mechanization of Cotton-Farming in Soviet Central Asia," School of Economics and Public Policy Working Papers 2000-03, University of Adelaide, School of Economics and Public Policy.
    13. Kienzler, Kirsten M. & Djanibekov, Nodir & Lamers, John P.A., 2011. "An agronomic, economic and behavioral analysis of N application to cotton and wheat in post-Soviet Uzbekistan," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 104(5), pages 411-418, June.
    14. Djanibekov, Utkur & Finger, Robert, 2018. "Agricultural risks and farm land consolidation process in transition countries: The case of cotton production in Uzbekistan," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 164(C), pages 223-235.
    15. MacDonald, Stephen, 2012. "Economic Policy and Cotton in Uzbekistan," MPRA Paper 70882, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Scott Rozelle & Johan F.M. Swinnen, 2004. "Success and Failure of Reform: Insights from the Transition of Agriculture," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 42(2), pages 404-456, June.
    17. Kan, Viktoriya & カン, ビクトリヤ, 2010. "Regional Determinants of New Firm Formation in a Transition Economy: The Case of Uzbekistan," PIE/CIS Discussion Paper 490, Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    agrarian reform; Uzbekistan;

    JEL classification:

    • Q10 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - General
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment

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