How moving to world prices affects the terms of trade in 15 countries of the former Soviet Union
The author presents the first documented estimates of how moving to international trade prices effects the terms of trade in 15 countries of the former Soviet Union. First, he decomposes the total impact of a change in the inter-republic and extra-republic terms of trade. The broad pattern, he estimates, is that exporters of raw material and energy (notably Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkmenistan) gain, whereas countries that concentrate in food and machinery exports (notably the Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and especially Moldova) are the biggest losers. The results support the customs union theory of pricing within the CMEA. The author also estimates the initial impact of terms of trade on the GDP for all 15 countries. This, as well as the commodity composition of trade and estimated changes in relative prices by commodity at the 105-sector and 15-sector levels for each of the 15 independent states, is available in the appendix.
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