State-Directed Diffusion of Technology: The Mechanization of Cotton-Farming in Soviet Central Asia
When Soviet central planners began to mechanize the cotton harvest in earnest in 1958, they expected more rapid diffusion than the market-driven process that had begun in the United States a decade earlier. But despite high output of cotton-picking machines, the share of the crop harvested mechanically grew more slowly than in the United States. The factor proportions in Central Asia did not justify mechanization: although planners could enforce introduction of the new technology, investment in cotton-harvesting machines was largely a waste of resources. The costs of premature introduction are estimated at over one billion US dollars in 1960s prices.
|Date of creation:||2000|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Published in The Journal of Economic History, 2002, vol. 62, pp. 170-188|
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