The Future Of Financial Liberalization In South Asia
This paper overviews financial liberalization in three South Asian countries — Bangladesh, India and Pakistan — in order to derive lessons for future reforms. It investigates how freeing domestic financial markets, improving capital account convertibility, and restructuring regulations have impacted the process of financial liberalization in South Asia. The paper shows that the capital account was most liberalized in Pakistan, and that Bangladesh had the least market development of the three countries under consideration. The study also reveals that of the two similar-sized countries (i.e. Bangladesh and Pakistan), Pakistan had experienced several financial crises that had required “external rescue”. Bangladesh, in contrast, needed external rescue only once. India did better than Pakistan and Bangladesh, most likely because it followed a strategic plan according to which full capital account liberalization followed the deepening of domestic markets and improvements to government finances. The experience of the global crisis validated the Indian strategy and demonstrated that foreign entry, while beneficial, cannot resolve all issues. We conclude that deepening domestic markets and better domestic and international regulation are necessary prerequisites for full convertibility, and that these preconditions will be best met if future liberalization is adapted to domestic needs such as financial inclusion, infrastructure finance, and market deepening.
Volume (Year): 19 (2012)
Issue (Month): 1 (June)
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Phone: (66-2) 288-1234
Fax: (66-2) 288-1000
Web page: http://www.unescap.org/
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Rana Ejaz Ali Khan & Qazi Muhammad Adnan Hye, 2013.
"Financial liberalization and demand for money: a case of Pakistan,"
Journal of Developing Areas,
Tennessee State University, College of Business, vol. 47(2), pages 175-198, July-Dece.
- Khan, Rana Ejaz Ali & Hye, Qazi Muhammad Adnan, 2011. "Financial Liberalization And Demand For Money: A Case of Pakistan," MPRA Paper 34795, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Ricardo Caballero & Arvind Krishnamurthy, 2001.
"Smoothing Sudden Stops,"
NBER Working Papers
8427, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Ashima Goyal, 2009.
"Global Financial Architecture : past and present arguments, advice, action,"
Finance Working Papers
22932, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
- Ashima Goyal, 2009. "Global Financial Architecture: Past and Present Arguments, Advice, Action," Working Papers id:2130, eSocialSciences.
- Ashima Goyal, 2009. "Global financial architecture: Past and present arguments, advice, action," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2009-004, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
- Partha Sen, 2007.
"Capital Inflows, Financial Repression And Macroeconomic Policy In India Since The Reforms,"
157, Centre for Development Economics, Delhi School of Economics.
- Partha Sen, 2007. "Capital inflows, financial repression, and macroeconomic policy in India since the reforms," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(2), pages 292-310, Summer.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:unt:jnapdj:v:19:y:2012:i:1:p:63-96. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Mia Mikic)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.