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Reform of the International Financial Architecture: An Asian Perspective

Author

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  • Kawai, Masahiro

    (Asian Development Bank Institute)

Abstract

The paper attempts to evaluate whether the international financial architecture is adequate for maintaining the financial stability of the East Asian economies by summarizing the lessons learned from the Asian financial crisis of 1997-1998 and the global financial crisis of 2007-2009 and reviewing the progress being made to enhance the effectiveness of the international financial architecture in crisis prevention, management and resolution. The paper finds that the international community had to experience the two crises before seriously starting to work on the reform of the international financial architecture. Facing the global financial crisis, the international community has responded by making the G20 Summit the premier forum for international economic and financial cooperation, creating a potentially more powerful Financial Stability Board, and augmenting the financial resources of the IMF. The paper concludes, however, that the international financial architecture remains inadequate for the needs of many emerging market economies, including in East Asia. International Monetary Fund surveillance—particularly that of systemically important economies (such as the United States, the United Kingdom and the Euro Area)—is ineffective and its governance structure is heavily biased towards Europe and the United States. International liquidity support is insufficient in assisting countries with sound economic and financial management that are hit by externally driven crises. No international agreements exist on external (sovereign) debt restructuring, or on the cross-border resolution of insolvent, internationally active financial firms for fair burden sharing of losses between creditors and debtors, or among different national authorities. The paper emphasizes the importance of a well-functioning regional financial architecture to complement and strengthen the global financial architecture. It offers advice for East Asian authorities to focus on: (i) the establishment of resilient national financial systems, including local-currency bond markets; (ii) integration of national financial markets to facilitate the mobilization of regional savings for regional investment (in infrastructure and small- and medium-sized enterprises); (iii) enhancement of regional liquidity (Chiang Mai Initiative Multilateralization) and economic surveillance mechanisms; and (iv) regional exchange rate policy coordination to achieve sustained economic growth without creating macroeconomic and financial instability.

Suggested Citation

  • Kawai, Masahiro, 2009. "Reform of the International Financial Architecture: An Asian Perspective," ADBI Working Papers 167, Asian Development Bank Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:adbiwp:0167
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Cited by:

    1. Truman, Edwin M., 2011. "Asian regional policy coordination," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue Nov, pages 247-292.
    2. Bose, Udichibarna & MacDonald, Ronald & Tsoukas, Serafeim, 2015. "Policy initiatives and firms' access to external finance: Evidence from a panel of emerging Asian economies," 2007 Annual Meeting, July 29-August 1, 2007, Portland, Oregon TN 2015-65, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    3. Paul De Grauwe & Zhaoyong Zhang & Paul De Grauwe & Zhaoyong Zhang, 2016. "The Rise of China and Regional Integration in East Asia," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 63(1), pages 1-6, February.
    4. Kuo-Chun Yeh, 2013. "An Asian Currency Unit: Simulations for Its Effects on East Asia," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(12), pages 1611-1631, December.
    5. Udichibarna Bose & Ronald MacDonald & Serafeim Tsoukas, 2014. "Policy initiatives and firms access to external finance: Evidence from a panel of emerging Asian economies," Working Papers 2015_01, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow.
    6. Ashima Goyal, 2012. "The Future Of Financial Liberalization In South Asia," Asia-Pacific Development Journal, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), vol. 19(1), pages 63-96, June.
    7. Hal Hill & Jayant Menon, 2014. "Financial safety nets in Asia: genesis, evolution, adequacy and way forward," Chapters,in: New Global Economic Architecture, chapter 5, pages 83-111 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    8. Wu, Chiu-Hui & Ding, Cherng G. & Jane, Ten-Der & Lin, Hang-Rung & Wu, Cheng-Ying, 2015. "Lessons from the global financial crisis for the semiconductor industry," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 99(C), pages 47-53.
    9. Harinder Kohli & Ashok Sharma & Anil Sood (ed.), 2011. "Asia 2050: Realizing the Asian Century," Books, Emerging Markets Forum, edition 1, number asia2050, August.
    10. C. Randall Henning & Mohsin S. Khan, 2011. "Asia and Global Financial Governance," Working Paper Series WP11-16, Peterson Institute for International Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    asian financial crisis; global financial crisis; crisis prevention; management and resolution; the imf; the financial stability board; regional financial architecture;

    JEL classification:

    • F30 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - General
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems
    • F53 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Agreements and Observance; International Organizations
    • F55 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Institutional Arrangements

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