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On the asymmetric effects of money-supply shocks: international evidence from a panel of OECD countries

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  • Georgios Karras
  • Houston Stokes

Abstract

We examine whether the asymmetric effect of money on output is an international phenomenon, and investigate the reasons for this asymmetry. Quarterly data from the 1963-93 period for a panel of twelve OECD countries strongly support asymmetry internationally: negative money-supply shocks are shown to have a stronger effect on output than positive shocks. Our methodology also enables us to distinguish between two sets of theories consistent with the output asymmetries: a convex aggregate supply and a credit view. We find that the effects of money on prices are generally symmetric, which may be consistent with both sets of theories being operative at once.

Suggested Citation

  • Georgios Karras & Houston Stokes, 1999. "On the asymmetric effects of money-supply shocks: international evidence from a panel of OECD countries," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(2), pages 227-235.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:31:y:1999:i:2:p:227-235
    DOI: 10.1080/000368499324453
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ricardo J. Caballero & Eduardo M.R.A. Engel, 1992. "Price Rigidities, Asymmetries, and Output Fluctuations," NBER Working Papers 4091, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Assar Lindbeck & Dennis J. Snower, 1989. "The Insider-Outsider Theory of Employment and Unemployment," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026262074x, March.
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    1. repec:eee:joecas:v:12:y:2015:i:2:p:73-79 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Ahrens, Steffen & Pirschel, Inske & Snower, Dennis J., 2017. "A theory of price adjustment under loss aversion," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 134(C), pages 78-95.
    3. Ahrens, Steffen & Pirschel, Inske & Snower, Dennis J., 2014. "A theory of wage adjustment under loss aversion," Kiel Working Papers 1977, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    4. Anna Florio, 2005. "Asymmetric monetary policy: empirical evidence for Italy," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(7), pages 751-764.
    5. Tkacz, Greg, 2001. "Endogenous thresholds and tests for asymmetry in US prime rate movements," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 73(2), pages 207-211, November.

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