IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/f/pst203.html
   My authors  Follow this author

Houston H. Stokes

Personal Details

First Name:Houston
Middle Name:H.
Last Name:Stokes
Suffix:
RePEc Short-ID:pst203
http://www.uic.edu/~hhstokes

Affiliation

Department of Economics
University of Illinois at Chicago

Chicago, Illinois (United States)
http://www.uic.edu/depts/econ/

312-996-2683
312-996-3344
University Hall 2101, Mail Code 144, 601 South Morgan Street, Chicago, Illinois 60607
RePEc:edi:deuicus (more details at EDIRC)

Research output

as
Jump to: Working papers Articles Chapters

Working papers

  1. R. F. Kosobud & H.H. Stokes & C.D. Tallarico & B.L. Scott, 2004. "The Chicago VOC Trading System: The Consequences of Market Design for Performance," Working Papers 0419, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research.

Articles

  1. Stokes, Houston H., 2016. "Using nonlinear testing procedures to specify the right hand side of an aggregate production function containing financial variables in the period 1967–2011," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 14(PB), pages 147-156.
  2. Stokes, Houston H., 2013. "Money balances in the production function: Nonlinear tests of model stability and measurement issues – two sides of the same coin?," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 101-114.
  3. John McDonald & Houston Stokes, 2013. "Monetary Policy and the Housing Bubble," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 46(3), pages 437-451, April.
  4. John F. McDonald & Houston H. Stokes, 2013. "The housing price bubble, the monetary policy and the foreclosure crisis in the US," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(11), pages 1104-1108, July.
  5. Houston Stokes & Melvin Hinich, 2011. "Detecting and modeling nonlinearity in the gas furnace data," Computational Statistics, Springer, vol. 26(1), pages 77-93, March.
  6. Richard Kosobud & Joshua Linn & Houston Stokes & Carol Tallarico, 2008. "Regulatory conflict in the Chicago VOC control program," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 51(4), pages 561-579.
  7. Karras, Georgios & Lee, Jin Man & Stokes, Houston, 2006. "Why are postwar cycles smoother? Impulses or propagation?," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 58(5-6), pages 392-406.
  8. B. D. McCullough & Charles G. Renfro & Houston H. Stokes, 2006. "Re‐examining 50‐year‐old OLS estimates of the Klein–Goldberger model," Statistica Neerlandica, Netherlands Society for Statistics and Operations Research, vol. 60(2), pages 181-193, May.
  9. Karras, Georgios & Lee, Jin Man & Stokes, Houston, 2005. "Sources of exchange-rate volatility: Impulses or propagation?," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 213-226.
  10. Richard F. Kosobud & Houston H. Stokes & Carol D. Tallarico, 2004. "Does emissions trading lead to air pollution hot spots? Evidence from an urban ozone control programme," International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 4(1/2), pages 137-156.
  11. Karras, Georgios & Stokes, Houston H., 2001. "Time-varying criteria for monetary integration: evidence from the EMU," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 171-185.
  12. Georgios Karras & Houston Stokes, 1999. "On the asymmetric effects of money-supply shocks: international evidence from a panel of OECD countries," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(2), pages 227-235.
  13. Karras, Georgios & Stokes, Houston H., 1999. "Why are the effects of money-supply shocks asymmetric? Evidence from prices, consumption, and investment," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 713-727.
  14. Allen Sinai & Houston H. Stokes, 1991. "Real Money Balances in the Production Function: A Comment," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 17(4), pages 533-535, Oct-Dec.
  15. Houston H. Stokes, 1990. "Measuring Expected Inflation; Further Tests in the Frequency Domain of a Proposed New Measure," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 16(4), pages 339-348, Oct-Dec.
  16. Allen Sinai & Houston H. Stokes, 1989. "Money Balances in the Production Function: A Retrospective Look," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 15(4), pages 349-363, Oct-Dec.
  17. Lehrer, Evelyn L & Stokes, Houston, 1985. "Determinants of the Female Occupational Distribution: A Log-Linear Probability Analysis," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 67(3), pages 395-404, August.
  18. Stokes, Houston H & Neuburger, Hugh, 1983. "The Effect of Monetary Changes on Interest Rates: A Reply," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 65(2), pages 362-362, May.
  19. Sinai, Allen & Stokes, Houston H., 1981. "Real Money Balances and Production : A Partial Explanation of Japanese Economic Development for 1952-1968," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 21(2), pages 69-81, February.
  20. Sinai, Allen & Stokes, Houston H, 1981. "Money and the Production Function-A Reply to Boyes and Kavanaugh [Money and the Production Function: A Test for Specification Errors]," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 63(2), pages 313-318, May.
  21. Kosobud, Richard F. & Stokes, Houston H., 1980. "OPEC short-run market share behaviour : Implications, theories and facts," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 66-80, April.
  22. Stokes, Houston H., 1980. "Effects of alternative seasonal adjustment procedures on monetary policy -- comment," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 137-140, September.
  23. Richard F. Kosobud and Houston H. Stokes, 1980. "Simulation of World Oil Market Shocks: A Markov Analysis of OPEC and Consumer Behavior," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 2).
  24. Stokes, Houston H & Neuburger, Hugh, 1979. "The Effect of Monetary Changes on Interest Rates: A Box-Jenkins Approach," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 61(4), pages 534-548, November.
  25. Houston H. Stokes & Hugh Neuburger, 1979. "A Note on the Stochastic Structure of the Velocity of Money: Some Reservations," The American Economist, Sage Publications, vol. 23(2), pages 62-64, October.
  26. Kosobud, Richard F & Stokes, Houston H, 1978. "Oil Market Share Dynamics: A Markov Chain Analysis of Consumer and Producer Adjustments," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 3(4), pages 253-275.
  27. Neuburger, Hugh & Stokes, Houston H. & Komlos, John, 1978. "German Banks and German Growth: Reply to Komlos," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 38(2), pages 480-486, June.
  28. Sinai, Allen & Stokes, Houston, 1977. "Real Money Balances as a Variable in the Production Function: A Further Reply," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 9(2), pages 372-373, May.
  29. Neuberger, Hugh M. & Stokes, Houston H., 1976. "German Banks and German Growth: Reply," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 36(2), pages 425-427, June.
  30. Sinai, Allen & Stokes, Houston H, 1975. "Real Money Balances: An Omitted Variable from the Production Function? A Reply," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 57(2), pages 247-252, May.
  31. Neuburger, Hugh M. & Stokes, Houston H., 1975. "German Banking and Japanese Banking: A Comparative Analysis," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 35(1), pages 238-252, March.
  32. Neuburger, Hugh & Stokes, Houston H., 1974. "German Banks and German Growth, 1883–1913: an Empirical View," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 34(3), pages 710-731, September.
  33. Stokes, Houston H, 1973. "Spot Speculation, Forward Speculation, and Arbitrage: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(5), pages 995-998, December.
  34. Sinai, Allen & Stokes, Houston H, 1972. "Real Money Balances: An Omitted Variable from the Production Functions?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 54(3), pages 290-296, August.
  35. Houston H. Stokes, 1971. "Inflation and Stability: A Study of the Effect of Wage Restrictions on Real Output in a Keynesian and Classical World," The American Economist, Sage Publications, vol. 15(2), pages 19-24, October.
  36. Houston H. Stokes, 1970. "Monopsony, Minimum Wages and Employment a Further Comment," The American Economist, Sage Publications, vol. 14(2), pages 79-81, October.

Chapters

  1. Neil W. Henry & John F. McDonald & Houston H. Stokes, 1976. "The Estimation of Dynamic Economic Relations from a Time Series of Cross Sections: A Programming Modification," NBER Chapters, in: Annals of Economic and Social Measurement, Volume 5, number 1, pages 153-155, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

Citations

Many of the citations below have been collected in an experimental project, CitEc, where a more detailed citation analysis can be found. These are citations from works listed in RePEc that could be analyzed mechanically. So far, only a minority of all works could be analyzed. See under "Corrections" how you can help improve the citation analysis.

Working papers

  1. R. F. Kosobud & H.H. Stokes & C.D. Tallarico & B.L. Scott, 2004. "The Chicago VOC Trading System: The Consequences of Market Design for Performance," Working Papers 0419, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research.

    Cited by:

    1. Denise VAN REGEMORTER & Bert SAVEYN, 2010. "Environmental Policy in a Federal State: A Regional CGE Analysis of the NEC Directive in Belgium," Regional and Urban Modeling 284100045, EcoMod.
    2. Gautier Kohler & Benoit Lefèvre;, 2011. "A comparative analysis of city-based emission trading schemes: key design and management factors for environmental cost effectiveness," International Journal of Global Energy Issues, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 35(2/3/4), pages 215-241.

Articles

  1. Stokes, Houston H., 2016. "Using nonlinear testing procedures to specify the right hand side of an aggregate production function containing financial variables in the period 1967–2011," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 14(PB), pages 147-156.

    Cited by:

    1. William Barnett & Giovanni Bella & Taniya Ghosh & Paolo Mattana & Beatrice Venturi, 2020. "Shilnikov Chaos, Low Interest Rates, and New Keynesian Macroeconomics," WORKING PAPERS SERIES IN THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ECONOMICS 202001, University of Kansas, Department of Economics, revised Jan 2020.
    2. Bitros, George C., 2020. "Demand adjusted capital input and potential output in the context of U.S. economic growth," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 21(C).

  2. Stokes, Houston H., 2013. "Money balances in the production function: Nonlinear tests of model stability and measurement issues – two sides of the same coin?," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 101-114.

    Cited by:

    1. Stokes, Houston H., 2016. "Using nonlinear testing procedures to specify the right hand side of an aggregate production function containing financial variables in the period 1967–2011," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 14(PB), pages 147-156.
    2. Bitros, George C., 2020. "Demand adjusted capital input and potential output in the context of U.S. economic growth," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 21(C).

  3. John McDonald & Houston Stokes, 2013. "Monetary Policy and the Housing Bubble," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 46(3), pages 437-451, April.

    Cited by:

    1. Shen, Chung-Hua & Lee, Yen Hsien & Wu, Meng-Wen & Guo, Na, 2016. "Does housing boom lead to credit boom or is it the other way around? The case of China," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 349-367.
    2. Huang, MeiChi, 2014. "Bubble-like housing boom–bust cycles: Evidence from the predictive power of households’ expectations," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 2-16.
    3. MeiChi Huang & LinYing Yeh, 2015. "Should the Fed take extra action for the recent housing bubble? Evidence from asymmetric transitory shocks," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 39(4), pages 762-781, October.
    4. Huang, MeiChi, 2018. "Time-varying diversification strategies: The roles of state-level housing assets in optimal portfolios," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 145-172.
    5. Tommaso Gabrieli & Keith Pilbeam & Tianyu Wang, 2018. "Estimation of bubble dynamics in the Chinese real estate market: a State space model," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 15(2), pages 483-499, April.
    6. MeiChi Huang, 2020. "A threshold unobserved components model of housing bubbles: timings and effectiveness of monetary policies," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 59(2), pages 887-908, August.
    7. Bofinger, Peter & Buch, Claudia M. & Feld, Lars P. & Schmidt, Christoph M. & Wieland, Volker, 2013. "Gegen eine rückwärtsgewandte Wirtschaftspolitik. Jahresgutachten 2013/14," Annual Economic Reports / Jahresgutachten, German Council of Economic Experts / Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung, volume 127, number 201314.
    8. Mohammed Dore & Roelof Makken & Erik Eastman, 2013. "The Monetary Transmission Mechanism, Non-residential Fixed Investment and Housing," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 41(3), pages 215-224, September.
    9. Hui An & Qianmiao Zou & Ying Zhang & Rakesh Gupta, 2019. "Property Prices: How Effective is a Property-Purchasing Limitation Policy for Managing Affordability?," International Real Estate Review, Global Social Science Institute, vol. 22(2), pages 197-229.
    10. I-Chun Tsai, 2017. "The housing market and excess monetary liquidity in China," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 53(2), pages 599-615, September.
    11. I-Chun Tsai & Shu-Hen Chiang, 2018. "Risk Transfer among Housing Markets in Major Cities in China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(7), pages 1-20, July.
    12. Bofinger, Peter & Schnabel, Isabel & Feld, Lars P. & Schmidt, Christoph M. & Wieland, Volker, 2014. "Mehr Vertrauen in Marktprozesse. Jahresgutachten 2014/15," Annual Economic Reports / Jahresgutachten, German Council of Economic Experts / Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung, volume 127, number 201415.
    13. MeiChi Huang, 2017. "Vulnerabilities to housing bubbles: Evidence from linkages between housing prices and income fundamentals," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(1), pages 64-91, March.
    14. Rybacki, Jakub, 2019. "ECB policy consistency – loss of independence and the real estate bubble?," MPRA Paper 95906, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. Alessia Bruzzo & Marco Mazzoli, 2018. "An Empirical Investigation on the European Housing Market Prices," Review of Economics & Finance, Better Advances Press, Canada, vol. 12, pages 29-42, May.
    16. Zhang, Jiarui & Xu, Xiaonian, 2020. "The effects of the monetary policy on the U.S. housing boom from 2001 to 2006," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(4), pages 301-322.
    17. Shi, Song & Jou, Jyh-Bang & Tripe, David, 2014. "Can interest rates really control house prices? Effectiveness and implications for macroprudential policy," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 15-28.
    18. Tsai, I-Chun, 2015. "Dynamic information transfer in the United States housing and stock markets," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 215-230.
    19. MeiChi Huang & Tzu-Chien Wang, 2015. "Housing-bubble vulnerability and diversification opportunities during housing boom–bust cycles: evidence from decomposition of asset price returns," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 54(2), pages 605-637, March.
    20. Røed Larsen, Erling, 2018. "Can monetary policy revive the housing market in a crisis? Evidence from high-resolution data on Norwegian transactions," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 69-83.

  4. Richard Kosobud & Joshua Linn & Houston Stokes & Carol Tallarico, 2008. "Regulatory conflict in the Chicago VOC control program," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 51(4), pages 561-579.

    Cited by:

    1. Antonio M. Bento & Emeric Henry & Scott E. Lowe, 2013. "The Determinants of Credit Allocations in a Market-based Trading System: Evidence from the RECLAIM Program," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 43(1), pages 51-80, Summer.

  5. Karras, Georgios & Lee, Jin Man & Stokes, Houston, 2006. "Why are postwar cycles smoother? Impulses or propagation?," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 58(5-6), pages 392-406.

    Cited by:

    1. Angelos VOULDIS & Panayotis MICHAELIDES & John MILIOS, 2008. "Do Technology Shocks affect Output and Profitability over the Business Cycle in Greece (1960-2008)?," EcoMod2008 23800152, EcoMod.
    2. Michaelides, Panayotis G. & Papageorgiou, Theofanis, 2012. "On the transmission of economic fluctuations from the USA to EU-15 (1960–2011)," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 64(6), pages 427-438.

  6. B. D. McCullough & Charles G. Renfro & Houston H. Stokes, 2006. "Re‐examining 50‐year‐old OLS estimates of the Klein–Goldberger model," Statistica Neerlandica, Netherlands Society for Statistics and Operations Research, vol. 60(2), pages 181-193, May.

    Cited by:

    1. Charles G. Renfro, 2009. "The Practice of Econometric Theory," Advanced Studies in Theoretical and Applied Econometrics, Springer, number 978-3-540-75571-5, enero-jun.

  7. Karras, Georgios & Lee, Jin Man & Stokes, Houston, 2005. "Sources of exchange-rate volatility: Impulses or propagation?," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 213-226.

    Cited by:

    1. Annika Alexius & Erik Post, 2008. "Exchange rates and asymmetric shocks in small open economies," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 35(3), pages 527-541, November.
    2. Grossmann, Axel & Orlov, Alexei G., 2012. "Exchange rate misalignments in frequency domain," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 185-199.

  8. Richard F. Kosobud & Houston H. Stokes & Carol D. Tallarico, 2004. "Does emissions trading lead to air pollution hot spots? Evidence from an urban ozone control programme," International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 4(1/2), pages 137-156.

    Cited by:

    1. Antonio M. Bento & Emeric Henry & Scott E. Lowe, 2013. "The Determinants of Credit Allocations in a Market-based Trading System: Evidence from the RECLAIM Program," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 43(1), pages 51-80, Summer.

  9. Karras, Georgios & Stokes, Houston H., 2001. "Time-varying criteria for monetary integration: evidence from the EMU," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 171-185.

    Cited by:

    1. Yeh, Kuo-chun, 2012. "Renminbi in the future international monetary system," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 106-114.
    2. Nephil Matangi Maskay, 2003. "Patterns of Shocks and Regional Monetary Cooperation in South Asia," IMF Working Papers 2003/240, International Monetary Fund.

  10. Georgios Karras & Houston Stokes, 1999. "On the asymmetric effects of money-supply shocks: international evidence from a panel of OECD countries," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(2), pages 227-235.

    Cited by:

    1. Rather, Sartaj Rasool & Durai, S. Raja Sethu & Ramachandran, M., 2015. "Asymmetric price adjustment – evidence for India," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 73-79.
    2. Steffen Ahrens & Inske Pirschel & Dennis Snower, 2014. "A Theory of Price Adjustment under Loss Aversion," CESifo Working Paper Series 4789, CESifo.
    3. Jonathan Chiu & Miguel Molico, 2020. "Short-Run Dynamics in a Search-Theoretic Model of Monetary Exchange," Staff Working Papers 20-48, Bank of Canada.
    4. Ahrens, Steffen & Pirschel, Inske & Snower, Dennis J., 2014. "A Theory of Wage Adjustment under Loss Aversion," CEPR Discussion Papers 10288, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Anna Florio, 2005. "Asymmetric monetary policy: empirical evidence for Italy," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(7), pages 751-764.
    6. Tkacz, Greg, 2001. "Endogenous thresholds and tests for asymmetry in US prime rate movements," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 73(2), pages 207-211, November.

  11. Karras, Georgios & Stokes, Houston H., 1999. "Why are the effects of money-supply shocks asymmetric? Evidence from prices, consumption, and investment," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 713-727.

    Cited by:

    1. Pao-Lin Tien & Tara M. Sinclair & Edward N. Gamber, 2016. "Do Fed Forecast Errors Matter?," Working Papers 2016-007, The George Washington University, Department of Economics, H. O. Stekler Research Program on Forecasting.
    2. Ahn, Eun S. & Lee, Jin Man, 2012. "The Performance Of Nonlinearity Tests On Asymmetric Nonlinear Time Series," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 11-44.
    3. Pragidis, Ioannis & Gogas, Periklis & Tabak, Benjamin, 2013. "Asymmetric Effects of Monetary Policy in the U.S. and Brazil," DUTH Research Papers in Economics 7-2013, Democritus University of Thrace, Department of Economics.
    4. Greg Tkacz, 2002. "Inflation Changes, Yield Spreads, and Threshold Effects," Staff Working Papers 02-40, Bank of Canada.
    5. Lo, Ming Chien & Piger, Jeremy, 2005. "Is the Response of Output to Monetary Policy Asymmetric? Evidence from a Regime-Switching Coefficients Model," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 37(5), pages 865-886, October.
    6. Zare , Roohollah, 2015. "Asymmetric Effects of Monetary Policy and Business Cycles in Iran using Markov-switching Models," Journal of Money and Economy, Monetary and Banking Research Institute, Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran, vol. 10(4), pages 125-142, October.
    7. Fabio ALESSANDRINI, 2003. "Some Additional Evidence from the Credit Channel on the Response to Monetary Shocks: Looking for Asymmetries," Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'économie 03.04, Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, Département d’économie.
    8. Modena, Matteo, 2008. "The term structure and the expectations hypothesis: a threshold model," MPRA Paper 9611, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Orlando Gomes & Diana A. Mendes & Vivaldo M. Mendes & José Sousa Ramos, 2006. "Endogenous Cycles in Optimal Monetary Policywith a Nonlinear Phillips Curve," Working Papers Series 1 ercwp1508, ISCTE-IUL, Business Research Unit (BRU-IUL).
    10. Cerqueira, Vinícius Dos Santos & Ribeiro, Márcio Bruno & Martinez, Thiago Sevilhano, 2014. "Propagação Assimétrica de Choques Monetários na Economia Brasileira: Evidências com base em um modelo vetorial não-linear de transição suave," Revista Brasileira de Economia - RBE, EPGE Brazilian School of Economics and Finance - FGV EPGE (Brazil), vol. 68(1), April.
    11. Malik, M. Fahad & Awan, Dr Masood Sarwar & Malik, Dr Waseem Shahid, 2020. "Macroeconomic Shocks: Short-Run versus Long-Run Perspectives," MPRA Paper 99103, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Edoardo Gaffeo & Ivan Petrella & Damjan Pfajfar & Emiliano Santoro, 2012. "Loss Aversion and the Asymmetric Transmission of Monetary Policy," Discussion Papers 12-21, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
    13. Anna Florio, 2005. "Asymmetric monetary policy: empirical evidence for Italy," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(7), pages 751-764.
    14. Banu Tanrıöver & Rahmi Yamak, 2015. "Business Cycle Asymmetry: Deepness and Steepness in Turkey," Romanian Economic Journal, Department of International Business and Economics from the Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest, vol. 18(58), pages 81-96, December.
    15. Mamdouh Abdelmoula M. Abdelsalam, 2018. "Asymmetric Effect of Monetary Policy in Emerging Countries: The Case of Egypt," Applied Economics and Finance, Redfame publishing, vol. 5(4), pages 1-11, July.
    16. Alvaro Aguiar & Manuel Martins, 2005. "Testing the significance and the non-linearity of the Phillips trade-off in the Euro Area," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 30(3), pages 665-691, October.
    17. Vinícius dos Santos Cerqueira & Márcio Bruno Ribeiro & Thiago Sevilhano Martinez, 2011. "Propagação Assimétrica de Choques Monetários na Economia Brasileira: Evidências com Base em um Modelo Vetorial não Linear de Transição Suave," Discussion Papers 1639, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.

  12. Allen Sinai & Houston H. Stokes, 1991. "Real Money Balances in the Production Function: A Comment," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 17(4), pages 533-535, Oct-Dec.

    Cited by:

    1. Jonathan Benchimol, 2011. "Money in the production function: a New Keynesian DSGE perspective," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00800539, HAL.
    2. Szász, Domokos, 1993. "Ergodicity of classical billiard balls," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 194(1), pages 86-92.

  13. Allen Sinai & Houston H. Stokes, 1989. "Money Balances in the Production Function: A Retrospective Look," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 15(4), pages 349-363, Oct-Dec.

    Cited by:

    1. Stokes, Houston H., 2013. "Money balances in the production function: Nonlinear tests of model stability and measurement issues – two sides of the same coin?," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 101-114.
    2. Odedokun, M. O., 1996. "Alternative econometric approaches for analysing the role of the financial sector in economic growth: Time-series evidence from LDCs," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 119-146, June.
    3. Stokes, Houston H., 2016. "Using nonlinear testing procedures to specify the right hand side of an aggregate production function containing financial variables in the period 1967–2011," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 14(PB), pages 147-156.
    4. Jonathan Benchimol, 2011. "Money in the production function: a New Keynesian DSGE perspective," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00800539, HAL.
    5. Odedokun, Matthew O., 1999. "How the Size of the Monetary Sector Affects Economic Growth: Econometric Evidence from Industrial and Developing Countries," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 213-241, March.
    6. Darrat, Ali F. & Al-Yousif, Yousif K., 1998. "Does money matter in developing economies? Some evidence from the Solow estimator," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(2), pages 213-220.
    7. Fujisaki, Seiya, 2016. "Equilibrium Determinacy and Policy Rules : Role of Productive Money and Government Expenditure," MPRA Paper 69834, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Allen Sinai & Houston H. Stokes, 1991. "Real Money Balances in the Production Function: A Comment," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 17(4), pages 533-535, Oct-Dec.
    9. Seiya Fujisaki, 2012. "Economic Stability and Interest-Rate Controls in an Open-Economy Model with Productive Money," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 32(4), pages 3053-3060.

  14. Lehrer, Evelyn L & Stokes, Houston, 1985. "Determinants of the Female Occupational Distribution: A Log-Linear Probability Analysis," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 67(3), pages 395-404, August.

    Cited by:

    1. Evelyn Lehrer & Seiichi Kawasaki, 1985. "Child care arrangements and fertility: An analysis of two-earner households," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 22(4), pages 499-513, November.
    2. M. D. R. Evans & Jonathan Kelley, 2004. "Effects of Family of Origin on Women’s and Men’s Workforce Involvement," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series wp2004n25, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.

  15. Sinai, Allen & Stokes, Houston H., 1981. "Real Money Balances and Production : A Partial Explanation of Japanese Economic Development for 1952-1968," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 21(2), pages 69-81, February.

    Cited by:

    1. Stokes, Houston H., 2013. "Money balances in the production function: Nonlinear tests of model stability and measurement issues – two sides of the same coin?," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 101-114.
    2. Stokes, Houston H., 2016. "Using nonlinear testing procedures to specify the right hand side of an aggregate production function containing financial variables in the period 1967–2011," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 14(PB), pages 147-156.
    3. Odedokun, Matthew O., 1999. "How the Size of the Monetary Sector Affects Economic Growth: Econometric Evidence from Industrial and Developing Countries," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 213-241, March.
    4. James Angresano, 1989. "An Evolutionary-Institutional Approach to the Study of Comparative Economies," Journal of Economic Issues, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(2), pages 511-517, June.

  16. Sinai, Allen & Stokes, Houston H, 1981. "Money and the Production Function-A Reply to Boyes and Kavanaugh [Money and the Production Function: A Test for Specification Errors]," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 63(2), pages 313-318, May.

    Cited by:

    1. Buckley, Robert & Dokeniya, Anupam & INU & PRE, 1989. "Inflation, monetary balances and the aggregate production function : the case of Colombia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 366, The World Bank.

  17. Stokes, Houston H & Neuburger, Hugh, 1979. "The Effect of Monetary Changes on Interest Rates: A Box-Jenkins Approach," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 61(4), pages 534-548, November.

    Cited by:

    1. Teame Ghirmay & Subhash Sharma & Richard Grabowski, 1999. "Export instability, income terms of trade instability and growth: causal analyses," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(2), pages 209-229.
    2. David B. Gordon & Eric M. Leeper, 1991. "In search of the liquidity effect," International Finance Discussion Papers 403, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    3. Miller, Norman C., 1995. "Towards a loanable funds/amended-liquidity preference theory of the exchange rate and interest rate," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 225-245, April.

  18. Houston H. Stokes & Hugh Neuburger, 1979. "A Note on the Stochastic Structure of the Velocity of Money: Some Reservations," The American Economist, Sage Publications, vol. 23(2), pages 62-64, October.

    Cited by:

    1. Ufuk CAN & Zeynep Gizem CAN & Süleyman DEĞİRMEN, 2019. "Paranın Dolaşım Hızının ve Para Talebi Fonksiyonunun Ekonometrik Analizi: Türkiye Örneği," Istanbul Business Research, Istanbul University Business School, vol. 48(2), pages 218-247, November.

  19. Kosobud, Richard F & Stokes, Houston H, 1978. "Oil Market Share Dynamics: A Markov Chain Analysis of Consumer and Producer Adjustments," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 3(4), pages 253-275.

    Cited by:

    1. Xu, Haiyan & Zhang, ZhongXiang, 2010. "A trend deduction model of fluctuating oil prices," MPRA Paper 26947, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 17 Nov 2010.
    2. Melanie Parravano & Luis Enrique Pedauga, 2008. "Oil market dynamics: A Markow chain analysis," Economía, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales (IIES). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales. Universidad de Los Andes. Mérida, Venezuela, vol. 33(25), pages 87-115, january-j.

  20. Sinai, Allen & Stokes, Houston, 1977. "Real Money Balances as a Variable in the Production Function: A Further Reply," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 9(2), pages 372-373, May.

    Cited by:

    1. Stokes, Houston H., 2013. "Money balances in the production function: Nonlinear tests of model stability and measurement issues – two sides of the same coin?," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 101-114.
    2. Stokes, Houston H., 2016. "Using nonlinear testing procedures to specify the right hand side of an aggregate production function containing financial variables in the period 1967–2011," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 14(PB), pages 147-156.
    3. Jonathan Benchimol, 2011. "Money in the production function: a New Keynesian DSGE perspective," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00800539, HAL.
    4. Buckley, Robert & Dokeniya, Anupam & INU & PRE, 1989. "Inflation, monetary balances and the aggregate production function : the case of Colombia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 366, The World Bank.
    5. Nicholas Apergis & Stephen M. Miller, 2007. "Total Factor Productivity and Monetary Policy: Evidence from Conditional Volatility," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 10(2), pages 131-152, July.

  21. Neuberger, Hugh M. & Stokes, Houston H., 1976. "German Banks and German Growth: Reply," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 36(2), pages 425-427, June.

    Cited by:

    1. Carlo Brambilla & Giandomenico Piluso, 2007. "Are Banks Procyclical? Evidence from the Italian Case (1890-1973)," Department of Economics University of Siena 523, Department of Economics, University of Siena.
    2. Lehmann, Sibylle & Streb, Jochen, 2015. "The Berlin Stock Exchange in Imperial Germany – a Market for New Technology?," CEPR Discussion Papers 10558, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

  22. Sinai, Allen & Stokes, Houston H, 1975. "Real Money Balances: An Omitted Variable from the Production Function? A Reply," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 57(2), pages 247-252, May.

    Cited by:

    1. Stokes, Houston H., 2013. "Money balances in the production function: Nonlinear tests of model stability and measurement issues – two sides of the same coin?," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 101-114.
    2. Stokes, Houston H., 2016. "Using nonlinear testing procedures to specify the right hand side of an aggregate production function containing financial variables in the period 1967–2011," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 14(PB), pages 147-156.
    3. Jonathan Benchimol, 2011. "Money in the production function: a New Keynesian DSGE perspective," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00800539, HAL.
    4. Nicholas Apergis, 2010. "Old Wine in a New Bottle: Are Financial Variables Omitted Variables in the Production Function?," Research in World Economy, Research in World Economy, Sciedu Press, vol. 1(1), pages 2-9, November.
    5. Basil Dalamagas, 2000. "Public sector and economic growth: the Greek experience," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(3), pages 277-288.
    6. Yukalov, V.I., 1982. "Spaces of states for heterophase systems," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 110(1), pages 247-256.
    7. Spencer, Thomas, 1986. "Some rigorous results for random and quasi-periodic potentials," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 140(1), pages 70-77.

  23. Neuburger, Hugh M. & Stokes, Houston H., 1975. "German Banking and Japanese Banking: A Comparative Analysis," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 35(1), pages 238-252, March.

    Cited by:

    1. Stokes, Houston H., 2013. "Money balances in the production function: Nonlinear tests of model stability and measurement issues – two sides of the same coin?," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 101-114.

  24. Neuburger, Hugh & Stokes, Houston H., 1974. "German Banks and German Growth, 1883–1913: an Empirical View," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 34(3), pages 710-731, September.

    Cited by:

    1. Stokes, Houston H., 2013. "Money balances in the production function: Nonlinear tests of model stability and measurement issues – two sides of the same coin?," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 101-114.
    2. Falko Fecht & Kevin X. D. Huang & Antoine Martin, 2004. "Financial intermediaries, markets, and growth," Working Papers 04-24, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
    3. George J. Benston, 1994. "Universal Banking," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 8(3), pages 121-143, Summer.
    4. Charles Calomiris, 1995. "The Costs of Rejecting Universal Banking: American Finance in the German Mirror, 1870-1914," NBER Chapters, in: Coordination and Information: Historical Perspectives on the Organization of Enterprise, pages 257-322, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Stokes, Houston H., 2016. "Using nonlinear testing procedures to specify the right hand side of an aggregate production function containing financial variables in the period 1967–2011," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 14(PB), pages 147-156.
    6. Guinnane, Timothy W., 2001. "Delegated Monitors, Large and Small: The Development of Germany's Banking System, 1800-1914," Center Discussion Papers 28447, Yale University, Economic Growth Center.
    7. Fohlin, Caroline, 1999. "Universal Banking in Pre-World War I Germany: Model or Myth?," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 305-343, October.
    8. Lehmann-Hasemeyer, Sibylle H. & Wahl, Fabian, 2017. "Savings banks and the industrial revolution in Prussia: Supporting regional development with public financial institutions," Hohenheim Discussion Papers in Business, Economics and Social Sciences 18-2017, University of Hohenheim, Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences.
    9. Carlo Brambilla & Giandomenico Piluso, 2007. "Are banks procyclical? Evidence from the Italian case, 1896-1975," Working Papers 7023, Economic History Society.
    10. Kiyotaka Maeda, 2019. "Market-Based Financing for Small Corporations during Early Industrialisation: The Case of Salt Corporations in Japan, 1880s-1910s," Keio-IES Discussion Paper Series 2019-019, Institute for Economics Studies, Keio University.
    11. Sibylle Lehmann, 2011. "Taking Firms to the Stock Market: IPOs and the Importance of Universal Banks in Imperial Germany 1896-1913," Cologne Economic History papers 9, University of Cologne, Department of Economic and Business History, revised Mar 2011.
    12. Sibylle Lehmann-Hasemeyer & Jochen Streb, 2016. "The Berlin Stock Exchange in Imperial Germany: A Market for New Technology?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 106(11), pages 3558-3576, November.
    13. Burhop, Carsten, 2006. "Did banks cause the German industrialization?," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 39-63, January.

  25. Sinai, Allen & Stokes, Houston H, 1972. "Real Money Balances: An Omitted Variable from the Production Functions?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 54(3), pages 290-296, August.

    Cited by:

    1. Stokes, Houston H., 2013. "Money balances in the production function: Nonlinear tests of model stability and measurement issues – two sides of the same coin?," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 101-114.
    2. Fernandez-Corugedo, Emilio & McMahon, Michael & Millard, Stephen & Rachel, Lukasz, 2011. "Understanding the macroeconomic effects of working capital in the United Kingdom," Bank of England working papers 422, Bank of England.
    3. Masoud Moghaddam, 2010. "Co-integrated money in the production function-evidence and implications," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(8), pages 957-963.
    4. Edward C. Prescott & Ryan Wessel, 2016. "Monetary Policy with 100 Percent Reserve Banking: An Exploration," NBER Working Papers 22431, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. S. J. Kamath & K. C. Jensen & R. E. Bennett, 1991. "A Counter-Counter Critique: A Reply," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 17(4), pages 535-541, Oct-Dec.
    6. Ahmed, S. M. & Ansari, M. I., 1998. "Financial sector development and economic growth: The South-Asian experience," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(3), pages 503-517.
    7. Stokes, Houston H., 2016. "Using nonlinear testing procedures to specify the right hand side of an aggregate production function containing financial variables in the period 1967–2011," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 14(PB), pages 147-156.
    8. Gary Gorton & Ping He, 2016. "Optimal Monetary Policy in a Collateralized Economy," NBER Working Papers 22599, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Shaw, Ming-Fu & Lai, Ching-Chong & Chang, Wen-Ya, 2005. "Anticipated policy and endogenous growth in a small open monetary economy," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 24(5), pages 719-743, September.
    10. Diewert, Erwin & Fox, Kevin J., 2019. "Money and the Measurement of Total Factor Productivity," Microeconomics.ca working papers erwin_diewert-2019-9, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 31 May 2019.
    11. Prem Laumas & Khan Mohabbat, 1980. "Money and the production function: A case study of France," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 116(4), pages 685-696, December.
    12. Jonathan Benchimol, 2011. "Money in the production function: a New Keynesian DSGE perspective," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00800539, HAL.
    13. David Black & Michael Dowd, 2011. "Risk aversion as a technology factor in the production function," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(18), pages 1345-1354.
    14. Edward C. Prescott & Ryan Wessel, 2016. "Fiat Value in the Theory of Value," Staff Report 530, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
    15. Ansari, M. I., 2002. "Impact of financial development, money, and public spending on Malaysian national income: an econometric study," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(1), pages 72-93.
    16. Su-Ling TSAI & Tsangyao CHANG, 2018. "The Comovment between Money and Economic Growth in 15 Asia-Pacific Countries: Wavelet Coherency Analysis in Time-Frequency Domain," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(2), pages 63-79, December.
    17. Edward C. Prescott & Ryan Wessel, 2018. "Money in the Production Function," Staff Report 562, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
    18. Basil Dalamagas, 2000. "Public sector and economic growth: the Greek experience," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(3), pages 277-288.
    19. Erdem BaÅçi & Syed F. Mahmud & Eray M. Yucel, 2007. "Money and Productive Efficiency: Evidence from a High-Inflation Country," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(1), pages 64-73, February.
    20. Darrat, Ali F. & Al-Yousif, Yousif K., 1998. "Does money matter in developing economies? Some evidence from the Solow estimator," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(2), pages 213-220.
    21. Giannis Karagiannis & Vangelis Tzouvelekas, 2004. "Real Money Balances and TFP Growth: Evidence from Developed and Developing Countries," Working Papers 0410, University of Crete, Department of Economics.
    22. Buckley, Robert & Dokeniya, Anupam & INU & PRE, 1989. "Inflation, monetary balances and the aggregate production function : the case of Colombia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 366, The World Bank.
    23. Muhammad Nasir & Qasim Jan & Muhammad Javid, 2011. "Cointegrated money in production function: evidence from a developing country," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 31(4), pages 2996-3005.
    24. Nicholas Apergis & Stephen M. Miller, 2007. "Total Factor Productivity and Monetary Policy: Evidence from Conditional Volatility," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 10(2), pages 131-152, July.
    25. Romina Bafile & Alessandro Piergallini, 2017. "Firms’ money demand and monetary policy," Pacific Economic Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(3), pages 350-382, August.
    26. LeBlanc, Michael & Yanagida, John F. & Conway, Roger K., 1985. "The Derived Demand For Real Cash Balances In Agricultural Production," Staff Reports 277838, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    27. Trueblood, Michael A., 1994. "An Annotated Bibliography Of Selected Productivity Literature," Staff Papers 13580, University of Minnesota, Department of Applied Economics.
    28. Chang, Wen-ya, 2002. "Examining the long-run effect of money on economic growth: an alternative view," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 81-102, March.
    29. Allen Sinai & Houston H. Stokes, 1991. "Real Money Balances in the Production Function: A Comment," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 17(4), pages 533-535, Oct-Dec.
    30. T. J. Valentine, 1976. "The Demand for Deposits in the Australian Manufacturing Sector," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 52(1), pages 69-81, March.
    31. Nourzad, Farrokh, 2002. "Real money balances and production efficiency: a panel-data stochastic production frontier study," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 125-134, March.
    32. Cynthia Benzing, 1989. "An Update on Money in the Production Function," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 15(3), pages 235-239, Jul-Sep.
    33. LeBlanc, Michael & Yanagida, John F. & Conway, Roger K., 1987. "The Derived Demand For Real Cash Balances In Agricultural Production," Western Journal of Agricultural Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 12(1), pages 1-8, July.

Chapters

    Sorry, no citations of chapters recorded.

More information

Research fields, statistics, top rankings, if available.

Statistics

Access and download statistics for all items

Co-authorship network on CollEc

NEP Fields

NEP is an announcement service for new working papers, with a weekly report in each of many fields. This author has had 1 paper announced in NEP. These are the fields, ordered by number of announcements, along with their dates. If the author is listed in the directory of specialists for this field, a link is also provided.
  1. NEP-ENE: Energy Economics (1) 2006-08-12
  2. NEP-FMK: Financial Markets (1) 2006-08-12

Corrections

All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. For general information on how to correct material on RePEc, see these instructions.

To update listings or check citations waiting for approval, Houston H. Stokes should log into the RePEc Author Service.

To make corrections to the bibliographic information of a particular item, find the technical contact on the abstract page of that item. There, details are also given on how to add or correct references and citations.

To link different versions of the same work, where versions have a different title, use this form. Note that if the versions have a very similar title and are in the author's profile, the links will usually be created automatically.

Please note that most corrections can take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.