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Nonlinear price dynamics between CO2 futures and Brent

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  • Massimo Peri
  • Lucia Baldi

Abstract

The growing expansion of European Union Emission Trading futures market and the parallel increase in the tendency of using such products also as financial instruments in the capital market outline the interest in the analysis of European Union Allowances (EUA) futures prices drivers. We applied recent developments in the threshold cointegration approach to investigate the presence of asymmetric dynamic adjusting processes between CO2 futures and spot Brent prices. We found evidence of the existences of long-run nonlinear relationships, with Brent prices driving EUA futures prices to a long-run equilibrium up to a point where the gap between the two prices exceeds a critical threshold. Hence, EUA futures market currently do not act only as a tool for compliance within the environmental regulation (i.e. to contain CO2 emissions), but has become a financial instrument to support firms' profit-maximizing behaviour.

Suggested Citation

  • Massimo Peri & Lucia Baldi, 2011. "Nonlinear price dynamics between CO2 futures and Brent," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(13), pages 1207-1211.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apeclt:v:18:y:2011:i:13:p:1207-1211
    DOI: 10.1080/13504851.2010.532092
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    Cited by:

    1. Ye, Dezhu & Liu, Shasha & Kong, Dongmin, 2013. "Do efforts on energy saving enhance firm values? Evidence from China's stock market," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 360-369.
    2. Gavard, Claire & Kirat, Djamel, 2017. "Flexibility in the market for international carbon credits and price dynamics difference with European allowances," ZEW Discussion Papers 17-054, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    3. Yu, Lean & Li, Jingjing & Tang, Ling & Wang, Shuai, 2015. "Linear and nonlinear Granger causality investigation between carbon market and crude oil market: A multi-scale approach," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 300-311.
    4. Lutz, Benjamin Johannes & Pigorsch, Uta & Rotfuß, Waldemar, 2013. "Nonlinearity in cap-and-trade systems: The EUA price and its fundamentals," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 222-232.
    5. Yinpeng Zhang & Zhixin Liu & Xueying Yu, 2017. "The Diversification Benefits of Including Carbon Assets in Financial Portfolios," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(3), pages 1-13, March.

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