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Labor Market Penalties for Mothers in Italy

Author

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  • Lia Pacelli

    ()

  • Silvia Pasqua

    ()

  • Claudia Villosio

    ()

Abstract

We use a large Italian employer-employee matched dataset to study how motherhood affects women’s working career in terms of labor force participation and wages. We confirm that the probability of exiting employment significantly increases for mothers of pre-school children; however, this is mitigated by higher job quality, human capital endowment and childcare accessibility. Most importantly, the availability of part-time jobs reduces their probability of moving out of the labor force. Women not leaving employment after becoming mothers experience lower wages than women with no pre-school child, and there are no signs of this gap closing 5 years after childbirth. Contrary to previous literature, the wage gap penalty emerges only among women working full-time, thanks to the high protection accorded to part-time jobs in Italy. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Suggested Citation

  • Lia Pacelli & Silvia Pasqua & Claudia Villosio, 2013. "Labor Market Penalties for Mothers in Italy," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, vol. 34(4), pages 408-432, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jlabre:v:34:y:2013:i:4:p:408-432 DOI: 10.1007/s12122-013-9165-1
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:ekz:ekonoz:2017104 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:spr:izalbr:v:6:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1186_s40172-017-0054-3 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Motherhood; Part-time jobs; Wage penalty; Working career; Reconciliation policies; J13; J31;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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